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Preimplantation genetic haplotyping (PGH) proof-of-principle was demonstrated by multiple displacement amplification (MDA) of single buccal cells from a female donor and genotyping using 12 polymorphic markers within the dystrophin gene; the known paternal genotype enabled identification of the paternal haplotype in the MDA products despite 27% allele(More)
BACKGROUND Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of DNA repair. It is divided into eight complementation groups: XP-A to XP-G (classical XP) and XP variant (XP-V). Severe and prolonged sunburn reactions on minimal sun exposure have been considered a cardinal feature of classical XP. However, it has recently become clear that not(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare DNA repair disorder characterized by increased susceptibility to UV radiation (UVR)-induced skin pigmentation, skin cancers, ocular surface disease, and, in some patients, sunburn and neurological degeneration. Genetically, it is assigned to eight complementation groups (XP-A to -G and variant). For the last 5 y, the UK(More)
BACKGROUND Intralymphatic histiocytosis (IH) is a rare condition often associated with systemic disease. A benign condition, clinical presentations can vary greatly and its cause is largely unknown. Histologically, there are macrophages within distended lymphatic vessels, although this can be an incidental finding or the primary abnormality. OBJECTIVE We(More)
Transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn (TBDN) is a rare form of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) that presents with neonatal skin blistering but which usually improves markedly during early life or even remits completely. Skin biopsies reveal abnormal intraepidermal accumulation of type VII collagen which results in poorly constructed anchoring(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) pruriginosa is a distinctive clinical subtype of dystrophic EB. We report a patient with dominant dystrophic EB pruriginosa, who had an excellent response to systemic thalidomide treatment. The mechanism of action of thalidomide in the management of pruriginous disorders is not yet completely understood. Most recent studies point(More)
Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a genetic disorder characterized by developmental abnormalities and photodermatosis resulting from the lack of transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair, which is responsible for the removal of photodamage from actively transcribed genes. To date, all identified causative mutations for CS have been in the two known(More)
BACKGROUND Kindler syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by blistering in infancy, followed by the onset of poikiloderma and photosensitivity in childhood. The recently elucidated molecular pathogenesis involves mutations in KIND1, a gene encoding the protein kindlin-1, which is involved in the attachment of the actin cytoskeleton(More)
Recent data suggest that individuals with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) only develop squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) in the presence of the NC1 domain of type VII collagen. This conclusion was based on experimental work in which cryosections of SCCs from 10 people with RDEB all showed positive type VII collagen immunostaining and(More)
The mechanobullous disease Hallopeau-Siemens recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (HS-RDEB) results from mutations in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1) on chromosome 3p21.31. Typically, there are frameshift, splice site, or nonsense mutations on both alleles. In this report, we describe a patient with HS-RDEB, who was homozygous for a new frameshift(More)