Hitoshi Yamashita

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A forkhead-type transcription factor, DAF-16, is located in the most downstream part of the insulin signalling pathway via PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase). It is essential for the extension of life-span and is also involved in dauer formation induced by food deprivation in Caenorhabditis elegans. In the present study, we addressed whether or not FOXO(More)
In C. elegans, insulin-like hormone signal pathway plays a significant role in longevity. In particular, daf-16 gene product is indispensable factor for this lifespan-extension. This signal pathway is critical for dauer formation, which is a similar state to hibernation in mammals. We examined the expression level of mammalian daf-16 homologues, Foxo 1,3,(More)
Recent studies suggest that the serine/threonine kinase protein kinase B (PKB or Akt) is involved in the pathway for insulin-stimulated glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation and glucose uptake. In this study we examined the components of the Akt signaling pathway in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in vivo from C57BL/KsJ-Lepr(db/db) mice (db/db), a(More)
The cellular mechanisms for the insulin resistance of pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are unknown. The membrane protein plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 (PC-1) has been identified as an inhibitor of insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (IRTK) activity. We investigated insulin receptor function and PC-1 levels in muscle from three groups of(More)
Sympathetic stimulation activates glucose utilization in parallel with fatty acid oxidation and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) through the beta-adrenergic receptors. To clarify the roles of the principal thermogenic molecule mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in the sympathetically stimulated glucose utilization, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVES In recent years the retractable type of sham needle has been anticipated to be a possible solution for masking patients in acupuncture research. However, this needle has been intended mainly for acupuncture-naïve subjects. The authors' goal in this study was to assess the validity of the retractable type of sham needle. METHODS The authors(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) results from an interaction between susceptibility genes and the diabetogenic effects of pregnancy. During pregnancy, mice heterozygous for the lepin receptor (db/+) gain more weight, are glucose intolerant, and produce macrosomic fetuses compared with wild-type (+/+) mothers, suggesting that an alteration in leptin(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of electroacupuncture and TENS for low back pain when the electroacupuncture is applied in a clinically realistic manner. The study was designed as an evaluator-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT). The study was performed at the Tsukuba College of Technology Clinic in Japan. Twenty subjects,(More)
Evidence-based approach on the safety of acupuncture had been lagging behind both in the West and the East, but reliable data based on some prospective surveys were published after the late 1990s. In the present article, we, focusing on 'Japanese acupuncture', review relevant case reports and prospective surveys on adverse events in Japan, assess the safety(More)
Recent progress suggests that postreceptor mechanisms that contribute to insulin resistance of pregnancy appear to be multifactorial, but are exerted at the beta-subunit of the insulin receptor and at the level of IRS-1. Gestational diabetes mellitus represents the combination of acquired and intrinsic abnormalities of insulin action. The resistance to(More)