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We have isolated a novel basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene homologous to the Drosophila proneural gene atonal, termed ATH-3, from Xenopus and mouse. ATH-3 is expressed in the developing nervous system, with high levels of expression in the brain, retina and cranial ganglions. Injection of ATH-3 RNA into Xenopus embryos dramatically expands the neural tube(More)
Regulation of the actin cytoskeleton may play a crucial role in cell motility and cancer invasion. We have produced a monoclonal antibody (NCC- Lu-632, IgM, k) reactive with an antigenic protein that is upregulated upon enhanced cell movement. The cDNA for the antigen molecule was found to encode a novel isoform of nonmuscle alpha-actinin. This isoform(More)
PURPOSE Detection of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis in breast cancer patients has conventionally been determined by intraoperative histopathologic examination of frozen sections followed by definitive postoperative examination of permanent sections. The purpose of this study is to develop a more efficient method for intraoperative detection of lymph(More)
Accurate evaluation of axillary lymph node (ALN) involvement is mandatory before treatment of primary breast cancer. The aim of this study is to compare preoperative diagnostic accuracy between positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG PET/CT) and axillary ultrasonography (AUS) for detecting ALN metastasis in(More)
The prognosis of patients with malignant glioma is extremely poor, despite the extensive surgical treatment that they receive and recent improvements in adjuvant radio- and chemotherapy. In the present study, we propose the use of gene-modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a new tool for gene therapy of malignant brain neoplasms. Primary MSCs isolated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We investigated whether expression levels of c-erbB-2 and p53 proteins in breast cancer tissues differ in primary and metastatic lesions. METHODS Immunohistochemical staining or sandwich enzyme immunoassay was used to determine expression levels of c-erbB-2 and p53 proteins in 42 breast cancer samples from 21 patients. Estrogen(More)
To elucidate the role of GNAS mutations in colorectal tumourigenesis, we performed a mutation analysis in a total of 234 colorectal tumours, including adenomas, serrated lesions and adenocarcinomas. Activating GNAS mutations were found in 20 of the 24 villous adenomas (83%) but were absent in all the other tumours, except for one tubulovillous adenoma (3%)(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of fertility-sparing treatment using medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for endometrial carcinoma (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AH) in young women. PATIENTS AND METHODS This multicenter prospective study was carried out at 16 institutions in Japan. Twenty-eight patients having EC at presumed stage IA and 17(More)
The induction of resistant hepatocytes in vivo in the rat has been observed with 21 different chemical carcinogens. The resistance was measured by the ability of the cells to proliferate as focal lesions in the presence of an environment that inhibits the original or surrounding hepatocytes from proliferation. This was created by a dietary(More)
Thirty-nine patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EA) and atypical hyperplasia (AH) of the endometrium who received conservative treatment to preserve fertility were collected from member institutions of the Japan Gynecologic Oncology Study Group. Twenty-nine and ten were originally diagnosed with EA without myometrial invasion and AH, respectively. We(More)