Hitoshi Tonomura

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the therapeutic potential of administration of gelatin hydrogel microspheres containing platelet-rich plasma (PRP), by examining its effects on progression of osteoarthritis (OA) in a rabbit model. METHODS PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) were prepared from rabbit blood. Adult rabbit chondrocytes were cultured in the alginate(More)
RNA interference provides the powerful means of sequence-specific gene silencing. Particularly, small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes may be potentially useful for therapeutic molecular targeting of human diseases, although novel delivery systems should be devised to achieve efficient and organ-specific transduction of siRNA. In the present study, we(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hydrostatic pressure (HP) on apoptosis and expression of heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) in chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads. Chondrocytes were isolated from the articular cartilage of rabbit joints and seeded in alginate beads. The beads in Group A were cultured for less than 24 h after(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intermittent hydrostatic pressure (IHP) on chondrogenic differentiation of synovium-derived progenitor cells (SPCs). METHODS SPCs, bone marrow-derived progenitor cells and skin fibroblasts from rabbits were subjected to IHP ranging from 1.0 to 5.0 MPa. The mRNA expression of proteoglycan(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to clarify the significance of subchondral bone in the pathology of osteoarthritis (OA) by investigating the expression of inflammatory cytokines, proteases, and receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL)/receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) involved in cartilage degeneration. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of l-glutamine (Gln) on stress responses of chondrocytes exposed to heat stress or nitric oxide (NO). METHODS Cultures of articular chondrocytes were established from rabbit joints, and treated for 12h with various concentrations of Gln (0-20 mM). In some experiments, cells were also treated with quercetin (Que), a heat(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of sonoporation method on in vivo transduction of plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) into joint tissue. pGEG.GL3 plasmid was mixed with microbubble and injected into knee joints of rats. Ultrasound sonication was performed percutaneously. Three days after injection, GL3 expression(More)
The etiology of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is closely related to apoptosis and extracellular matrix degradation in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. These defects in NP cells are induced by excessive external stressors such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory cytokines. Recently, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to repair(More)
The activities of thiamine diphosphatase (TDPase), thiamine triphosphatase (TTPase), and thiamine pyrophosphokinase and the contents of thiamine and its phosphate esters were determined in rat brain cortex, cerebellum, and liver from birth to adulthood. Microsomal TTPase activity in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum increased from birth to 3 weeks, whereas(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of heat stimulation on the expression of extracellular matrix genes and heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) in rabbit articular cartilage in vivo. Heat stimulation was applied to the knee joints of Japanese white rabbits for 20 min using a microwave (MW) applicator (2.45-GHz, 0-80 W). After 8-72 h, the(More)