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BACKGROUND A body-weight-based dose of tacrolimus often results in marked individual diversity of blood drug concentration. Tacrolimus is a substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 and p-glycoprotein encoded by CYP3A5 and MDR1 (ABCB1), respectively, having multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms. In this study, we genotyped CYP3A5 A6986G, MDR1 G2677(A/T),(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the pharmacokinetics of each enantiomer of lansoprazole and 5-hydroxylansoprazole in three different CYP2C19 genotype groups of Japanese subjects. Healthy subjects (n=18), of whom 6 were homozygous extensive metabolizers (homEMs), 6 were heterozygous extensive metabolizers (hetEMs) and 6 were poor metabolizers(More)
UGT1A8 and UGT2B7 are important uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms for the glucuronidation of mycophenolic acid (MPA). The aim of this investigation was to elucidate MPA pharmacokinetics in UGT1A8 and UGT2B7 genotypes in Japanese renal transplant recipients. Seventy-two recipients received repeated doses of mycophenolate mofetil and(More)
AIMS We investigated whether tacrolimus pharmacokinetics shows circadian variation and the influence of the CYP3A5 A6986G polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics in both the early and maintenance stages after renal transplantation. METHODS Tacrolimus was administered twice daily at specified times (09.00 and 21.00 h) throughout the pre- and post-transplant(More)
Rabeprazole is metabolized mainly non-enzymatically to rabeprazole-thioether. This in vitro study was designed to clarify the stereoselective oxidation mechanism and to identify the enzyme(s) involved in the metabolic breakdown of rabeprazole-thioether to rabeprazole. Rabeprazole-thioether was incubated with human liver microsomes and several recombinant(More)
Recent studies have suggested that an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury enhances the expression of costimulatory adhesion molecules on the vascular endothelium. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of resveratrol, a phenolic product, on the renal function and expression of CD86 in rat kidneys with I/R injury. Wistar rats were divided(More)
BACKGROUND The present study investigated the incidence of posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) and calculated the risk of developing PTDM under a tacrolimus-based immunosuppression based on clinical characteristics, tacrolimus pharmacokinetics, and genetic polymorphisms related to tacrolimus pharmacokinetics or diabetes mellitus. METHODS Seventy(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the mycophenolic acid (MPA) chronopharmacokinetics and the relation between MPA circadian exposure and the incidence of acute rejection (AR). The association between selected genetic polymorphisms and clinical events or MPA circadian exposure was also studied. METHODS Thirty recipients were studied one month after renal(More)
A simple and highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the simultaneous quantitative determination of lansoprazole enantiomers and their metabolites, 5-hydroxylansoprazole enantiomers and lansoprazole sulfone, in human plasma have been developed. Chromatographic separation was achieved with a Chiral CD-Ph column using a(More)
We developed a rapid, simple, and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography method with UV detection for the quantitative determination of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in human plasma. MPA and the internal standard (naproxen) were separated using a mobile phase of 0.04 M H(3)PO(4)-acetonitrile-methanol (3:3:4 v/v/v) over a CAPCELL PAK C18 MG column. A(More)