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Accumulating evidences indicate that ceramide is closely involved in apoptotic cell death in neurodegenerative disorders and aging. We examined ceramide levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or brain tissues from patients with neurodegenerative disorders and the mechanism of how intra- and extracellular ceramide was regulated during neuronal apoptosis. We(More)
We studied the expression of candidate molecules for tissue injury in vasculitic neuropathies immunohistochemically, using samples obtained by nerve biopsy from seven patients with necrotizing angitis. In the involved vessels of all samples, numerous infiltrating cells were positive for perforin, nitric oxide synthase (m-NOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), or(More)
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is caused by various heterogeneous factors, the commonest being hypertension, followed by nonhypertensive causes such as eclampsia, renal diseases and immunosuppressive therapy. Patients with RPLS exhibit bilateral white and gray matter abnormalities in the posterior aspects of the cerebral(More)
A 78-year-old woman had postural and action tremor in hands since age of late 20's, though without much difficulty in daily living. Since age 76, she has had an increasing difficulty in walking and postural balance, with some worsening of hand shaking as well. She also noted to have head shaking, involuntary movements in the mouth, and some difficulty in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate abnormal protein expression in inclusion body myositis (IBM). BACKGROUND In IBM, ectopic deposition of beta-amyloid protein as well as several other proteins in some muscle fibers occurs. Some, but not all, of these proteins are also expressed in myofibrillar myopathy (MFM). The authors recently reported aberrant expressions of(More)
We studied the effect of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor nimesulide on experimental allergic neuritis (EAN). In rats fed with nimesulide starting on day 1 post inoculation, the clinical EAN score was significantly lower and the maximal clinical score was reduced compared with the control group. Even if given after the onset of clinical signs, the(More)
Immunocytochemical expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was examined in nerve biopsy samples of patients with various disorders, focusing on nerve injury. TNF-alpha was mainly associated with phagocytosing macrophages in acute axonal injury, but the staining was more frequently seen in sections from patients with vasculitis than with(More)
Symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection may need surgery. We describe such a case successfully treated with atlantoaxial fusion based on its rare dynamic angiographic findings. A 27-year-old woman suffered from repeated brainstem and cerebellar infarctions from a left extracranial VA dissecting aneurysm. Dynamic angiography showed the(More)
We presented a 43-year-old Japanese woman who acutely developed weakness of all extremities and difficulty in swallowing and drooping of eyelids, characterized by easy fatigability at the end of December, 2005. On general physical examination, she had moderate goiter. No cervical lymphadenopathy, cardiac murmur, or skin rash was noted. Neurologically, she(More)
A 39-year-old man acutely developed diplopia, vertigo, unsteady gait, and disturbance of consciousness following an upper respiratory infection. Neurological examination showed ophthalmoplegia, facial paralysis, tetraplegia and loss of deep tendon reflexes. Babinski reflex was positive on the left and there were bilateral flexor withdrawal reflexes. He also(More)