Hitoshi Satoi

Learn More
Accumulating evidences indicate that ceramide is closely involved in apoptotic cell death in neurodegenerative disorders and aging. We examined ceramide levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or brain tissues from patients with neurodegenerative disorders and the mechanism of how intra- and extracellular ceramide was regulated during neuronal apoptosis. We(More)
Immunocytochemical expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was examined in nerve biopsy samples of patients with various disorders, focusing on nerve injury. TNF-alpha was mainly associated with phagocytosing macrophages in acute axonal injury, but the staining was more frequently seen in sections from patients with vasculitis than with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate abnormal protein expression in inclusion body myositis (IBM). BACKGROUND In IBM, ectopic deposition of beta-amyloid protein as well as several other proteins in some muscle fibers occurs. Some, but not all, of these proteins are also expressed in myofibrillar myopathy (MFM). The authors recently reported aberrant expressions of(More)
We presented a 43-year-old Japanese woman who acutely developed weakness of all extremities and difficulty in swallowing and drooping of eyelids, characterized by easy fatigability at the end of December, 2005. On general physical examination, she had moderate goiter. No cervical lymphadenopathy, cardiac murmur, or skin rash was noted. Neurologically, she(More)
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is caused by various heterogeneous factors, the commonest being hypertension, followed by nonhypertensive causes such as eclampsia, renal diseases and immunosuppressive therapy. Patients with RPLS exhibit bilateral white and gray matter abnormalities in the posterior aspects of the cerebral(More)
We studied the expression of candidate molecules for tissue injury in vasculitic neuropathies immunohistochemically, using samples obtained by nerve biopsy from seven patients with necrotizing angitis. In the involved vessels of all samples, numerous infiltrating cells were positive for perforin, nitric oxide synthase (m-NOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), or(More)
Immunocytochemical expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was examined in nerve biopsy samples of patients with various disorders, focusing on nerve injury. TNF-α was mainly associated with phagocytosing macrophages in acute axonal injury, but the staining was more frequently seen in sections from patients with vasculitis than with metabolic(More)
Some gangliosides have been regarded as autoantigens of immune-mediated neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome and multifocal motor neuropathy. On the other hand, proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), may be important in the pathogenesis of(More)
We studied the effect of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor nimesulide on experimental allergic neuritis (EAN). In rats fed with nimesulide starting on day 1 post inoculation, the clinical EAN score was significantly lower and the maximal clinical score was reduced compared with the control group. Even if given after the onset of clinical signs, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies have suggested that diminished nocturnal blood pressure decline in hypertensive cardiovascular disease is associated with the extent of hypertensive vascular disease. In our previous observation of cerebrovascular disease, however, we found reduced nocturnal blood pressure decline to be associated not only with the extent(More)