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Accumulating evidences indicate that ceramide is closely involved in apoptotic cell death in neurodegenerative disorders and aging. We examined ceramide levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or brain tissues from patients with neurodegenerative disorders and the mechanism of how intra- and extracellular ceramide was regulated during neuronal apoptosis. We(More)
We studied the effect of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor nimesulide on experimental allergic neuritis (EAN). In rats fed with nimesulide starting on day 1 post inoculation, the clinical EAN score was significantly lower and the maximal clinical score was reduced compared with the control group. Even if given after the onset of clinical signs, the(More)
We studied the expression of candidate molecules for tissue injury in vasculitic neuropathies immunohistochemically, using samples obtained by nerve biopsy from seven patients with necrotizing angitis. In the involved vessels of all samples, numerous infiltrating cells were positive for perforin, nitric oxide synthase (m-NOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), or(More)
Some gangliosides have been regarded as autoantigens of immune-mediated neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome and multifocal motor neuropathy. On the other hand, proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), may be important in the pathogenesis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies have suggested that diminished nocturnal blood pressure decline in hypertensive cardiovascular disease is associated with the extent of hypertensive vascular disease. In our previous observation of cerebrovascular disease, however, we found reduced nocturnal blood pressure decline to be associated not only with the extent(More)
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is caused by various heterogeneous factors, the commonest being hypertension, followed by nonhypertensive causes such as eclampsia, renal diseases and immunosuppressive therapy. Patients with RPLS exhibit bilateral white and gray matter abnormalities in the posterior aspects of the cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate abnormal protein expression in inclusion body myositis (IBM). BACKGROUND In IBM, ectopic deposition of beta-amyloid protein as well as several other proteins in some muscle fibers occurs. Some, but not all, of these proteins are also expressed in myofibrillar myopathy (MFM). The authors recently reported aberrant expressions of(More)
A 78-year-old woman had postural and action tremor in hands since age of late 20's, though without much difficulty in daily living. Since age 76, she has had an increasing difficulty in walking and postural balance, with some worsening of hand shaking as well. She also noted to have head shaking, involuntary movements in the mouth, and some difficulty in(More)
We previously reported the effect of a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, nimesulide, on experimental allergic neuritis (EAN) in both the induction and effector phases, in contrast to the usual COX inhibitor, which was effective only when administered in the induction phase. To assess the mechanism of action of a COX-2 inhibitor, we studied the expression of(More)
Symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection may need surgery. We describe such a case successfully treated with atlantoaxial fusion based on its rare dynamic angiographic findings. A 27-year-old woman suffered from repeated brainstem and cerebellar infarctions from a left extracranial VA dissecting aneurysm. Dynamic angiography showed the(More)