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The relationship between the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) with other scales in schizophrenia has rarely been investigated. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify articles that reported the GAF score together with scores in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI) or Brief Psychiatric(More)
INTRODUCTION Antipsychotic drugs exert antipsychotic effects by blocking dopamine D2 receptors in the treatment of schizophrenia. However, effects of D2 receptor blockade on neurocognitive function still remain to be elucidated. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate impacts of estimated dopamine D2 receptor occupancy with antipsychotic drugs on(More)
BACKGROUND It remains unclear regarding the contribution of each individual symptom in predicting the outcome in major depressive disorder (MDD). The objective of this analysis was to evaluate trajectories of individual symptoms over time to identify which specific depressive item(s) could predict subsequent clinical response. METHODS The data of 2874(More)
BACKGROUND Although physical restraint is still used in psychiatric inpatient settings, it sometimes causes serious side effects, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and resulting pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of the DVT in restrained patients who were receiving routine prophylaxis and to identify(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-like 1 (IGFBPL-1) has a domain structure that resembles one in the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs), which is a domain known to be bound by insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) with high affinity and to thereby affect cell growth and metabolism. However, the distribution and functions of IGFBPL-1(More)
BACKGROUND The dominant diagnostic model of the classification of depression today is unitarian; however, since Kurt Schneider (1920) introduced the concept of endogenous depression and reactive depression, the binary model has still often been used on a clinical basis. Notwithstanding this, to our knowledge, there have been no collective data on how(More)
The skeletal reorganization of 1,6- and 1,7-enynes leading to 1-vinylcycloalkenes using Rh(II) as a catalyst is reported. Two possible isomers of 1-vinylcycloalkenes, type I and type II, can be obtained, the ratio of which are highly dependent on the substitution pattern of the enynes used. Formation of type I compounds involves a single cleavage of a C-C(More)
Long-term follow-up data of patients with schizophrenia on depot antipsychotics have been few and the longest follow-up period has been up to 7 years. We carried out a systematic chart review to examine 10-year outcomes for outpatients with schizophrenia who were receiving a conventional depot antipsychotic. Maintenance of outpatient status for 10 years was(More)
Residual symptoms are detrimental to prognosis in major depressive disorder (MDD); however, little is known about the contribution of each residual symptom in predicting outcomes. The objective of this analysis was to identify which individual symptoms, based on self-report and clinician interview, could predict subsequent relapse. The data of 1133(More)
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate (MCT) is one of the oral negative contrast agents which is indispensable for imaging of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). In this study, improvement of the image quality of MRCP by using low-temperature MCT is verified. All MR imagings were performed using 1.5 T scanner. The T(1) and T(2) values of the(More)