Hitoshi Ooiwa

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BACKGROUND Persistent hypotension with dynamic midventricular obstruction (MVO) in patients with transient left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning (Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy) is an important complication that needs to be treated. PURPOSE The objective of this study is to determine the effects of intravenous propranolol challenge on MVO in transient LV(More)
The precise etiological basis of transient left ventricular apical ballooning without coronary artery stenosis (ampulla or so-called 'takotsubo' cardiomyopathy) remains unknown, so the present study examined the acute effects of intravenous propranolol (2-4 mg) in 3 female patients (age range, 61-76 years) with the condition. Although one patient who did(More)
The effect of a varying period of ischemia on the development of myocardial infarction was investigated in the rabbit. Radiomicrosphere measurements confirmed that the collateral blood flow is almost zero (0.02 +/- 0.01 ml/min/g) and without a significant transmural gradient in the rabbit heart (n = 15). A coronary branch of the left circumflex artery was(More)
We tested the ability of a single dose of superoxide dismutase to induce salvage of reperfused rabbit myocardium. Infarct size was measured by tetrazolium method following 3, 24, or 72 h of reperfusion. In addition, the 24 h reperfused hearts were examined to determine if the drug induced salvage in those hearts was reflected in the histology. A coronary(More)
Oxygen derived free radicals have been shown to be generated during reperfusion of ischemic myocardium by a variety of approaches including spin trap probes. Three levels of injury have been described for the reperfused heart. Periods of ischemia of only several minutes can trigger lethal arrhythmias on reperfusion. Anti-oxidants including SOD and or(More)
We tested whether recombinant human superoxide dismutase conjugated to polyethylene glycol (PEG-SOD) to prolong its plasma retention time could limit myocardial infarct size in an ischemia-reperfusion model in the rabbit. One group of animals received 1000 units/kg of PEG-SOD as an intravenous bolus 15 min before coronary occlusion. A second group received(More)
1. We assessed the effect of polyethylene glycol conjugated superoxide dismutase (PEG-SOD) on myocardial stunning in the rabbit heart in which xanthine oxidase level is extremely low. 2. In open-chest anaesthetized rabbits, the left marginal branch of the coronary artery was occluded for 10 min and then reperfused for 30 min. A group of rabbits (PEG-SOD(More)
1. The delay of ischaemic myocardial necrosis by verapamil has been reported in the dog heart, which contains a high level of xanthine oxidase, a potential source of cytotoxic free radicals. To test whether the retardation of ischaemic myocyte death by verapamil is not an isolated phenomenon in the xanthine oxidase rich heart, we assessed the effect of(More)
The effect of superoxide dismutase (SOD) on the size of the myocardial infarct resulting from various durations of ischemia and a 72-hour reperfusion was examined in the rabbit. A coronary branch of the circumflex artery was occluded for 20, 30, or 60 min and then reperfused. Seventy-two hours after the coronary occlusion, the infarct size and the size of(More)
Peroxidation of membrane phospholipid may be a causal contributor to the development of irreversible postischemic myocardial injury. In this study, two small-molecule antiperoxidative agents were tested for their ability to salvage reperfused rabbit myocardium and reduce infarct size as assessed by direct histological evaluation of hearts following a 30-min(More)