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The ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2) gene of Arabidopsis thaliana is involved in the establishment of the leaf venation system, which includes the prominent midvein, as well as in the development of a symmetric lamina. The gene product also represses the expression of class 1 knox homeobox genes in leaves. We have characterized the AS2 gene, which appears to encode(More)
The circadian clock acts as the timekeeping mechanism in photoperiodism. In Arabidopsis thaliana, a circadian clock-controlled flowering pathway comprising the genes GIGANTEA (GI), CONSTANS (CO), and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) promotes flowering specifically under long days. Within this pathway, GI regulates circadian rhythms and flowering and acts earlier in(More)
Boron (B) is essential for plant growth but is toxic when present in excess. In the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana under B limitation, a boric acid channel, NIP5;1, and a boric acid/borate exporter, BOR1, are required for efficient B uptake and subsequent translocation into the xylem, respectively. However, under high-B conditions, BOR1 activity is repressed(More)
Cystathionine gamma-synthase, the first committed enzyme of methionine biosynthesis in higher plants, is encoded by the CGS1 gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. We have shown previously that the stability of the CGS1 mRNA is negatively regulated in response to methionine application [Chiba, Y., Ishikawa, M., Kijima, F., Tyson, R. H., Kim, J., Yamamoto, A.,(More)
Excision of a DNA segment can occur in Arabidopsis thaliana by reciprocal recombination between two specific recombination sites (RSs) when the recombinase gene (R) from Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is expressed in the plant. To monitor recombination events, we generated several lines of transgenic Arabidopsis plants that carried a cryptic β-glucuronidase (GUS)(More)
Expression of the Arabidopsis CGS1 gene that codes for cystathionine gamma-synthase is feedback regulated at the step of mRNA stability in response to S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet). A short stretch of amino acid sequence, called the MTO1 region, encoded by the first exon of CGS1 itself is involved in this regulation. Here, we demonstrate, using a(More)
Met-overaccumulating mutants provide a powerful genetic tool for examining both the regulation of the Met biosynthetic pathway and in vivo developmental responses of gene expression to altered Met levels. We have previously reported the identification of two Arabidopsis thaliana Met over-accumulation (mto) mutants, mto1-1 and mto2-1, that carry mutations in(More)
Cystathionine gamma-synthase (CGS) catalyses the first committed step of methionine biosynthesis in higher plants. CGS is encoded by the CGS1 gene in Arabidopsis. Stability of CGS1 mRNA is down-regulated in response to methionine application and the exon 1-coding region of CGS1 itself is necessary and sufficient for this regulation. mto1 (for methionine(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with type 2 diabetes, improving adherence to medication is important in order to maintain favourable glycaemic control during long-term treatment and, thus, prevent the onset or aggravation of complications. SYR-472 is a novel once-weekly oral DPP-4 inhibitor for type 2 diabetes, which could be a treatment option when clinicians seek(More)
BACKGROUND Trelagliptin is a novel once-weekly oral DPP-4 inhibitor. We assessed the efficacy and safety of trelagliptin versus the daily oral DPP-4 inhibitor alogliptin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group, phase 3, non-inferiority study at 26 sites in Japan. We included(More)