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Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are negative regulators of hepatic lipogenesis that exert their effects primarily at the level of transcription. Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are transcription factors responsible for the regulation of cholesterol, fatty acid, and triglyceride synthesis. In particular, SREBP-1 is known to(More)
Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease is a common complication of the insulin resistance syndrome that can occur with or without diabetes mellitus. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are insulin-sensitizing antidiabetic agents, can modulate the development of atherosclerosis not only by changing the systemic metabolic conditions associated with insulin(More)
In an attempt to identify transcription factors which activate sterol-regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) transcription, we screened an expression cDNA library from adipose tissue of SREBP-1 knockout mice using a reporter gene containing the 2.6-kb mouse SREBP-1 gene promoter. We cloned and identified the oxysterol receptors liver X receptor(More)
Long-term macrolide therapy has been proven to improve survival in patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis. Although its mechanisms remain unknown, previous studies have suggested the effects of macrolide might be anti-inflammatory rather than antibacterial. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of its action, we studied here the effects of erythromycin (EM)(More)
Fine particles derived from diesel engines, diesel exhaust particles (DEP), have been shown to augment gene expression of several inflammatory cytokines in human airway epithelial cells in vitro. However, it remains unclear whether or not DEP have any effect on the expression and production of eotaxin, an important chemokine involved in eosinophil(More)
Proliferation of bronchial epithelial cells is an important biologic process in a variety of physiologic and pathologic conditions. In this study, we demonstrate that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulates proliferation of human bronchial epithelial cells obtained from healthy volunteers. The mitogenic effect of HGF is dependent on costimulation with(More)
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15) as the strongest associated gene with susceptibility to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) outside the HLA loci in the Japanese population. However, causal functional variants of the TNFSF15 locus and the molecular mechanism underlying disease susceptibility(More)
UNLABELLED (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00224.x, 2012) Aims/Introduction:  The Japanese Red Cross Society introduced measurement of glycated albumin (GA) for all blood donors as a glycemic control marker. The GA levels were examined by sex and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS   GA was measured in 3.14 million blood donors who donated(More)
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