Hitoshi Okazaki

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Long-term macrolide therapy has been proven to improve survival in patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis. Although its mechanisms remain unknown, previous studies have suggested the effects of macrolide might be anti-inflammatory rather than antibacterial. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of its action, we studied here the effects of erythromycin (EM)(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airway with the presence of Th2 cytokines. Airway remodeling in asthma is closely related to clinical manifestations. Lung myofibroblasts play a critical role in the airway remodeling and Th2 cytokines may modulate their behavior. We examined the effect of two major Th2 cytokines, IL-4 and(More)
BACKGROUND To reduce the risk of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), plasma products are mainly made from male donors in some countries because of the lower possibility of alloimmunization; other countries are considering this policy. The advantage of male-only fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) should be examined in a prospective case-control study. (More)
Sirs, We read with great interest the article entitled “Acute renal failure due to obstructive uric acid stones associated with acute gastroenteritis” by Fujita et al. that was recently published in Pediatric Nephrology [1]. Here, we would like to comment on the pathogenesis of uric acid stone formation in children with human rotavirus (HRV)-associated(More)
It recently has been recognized that platelet-activating factor (PAF) may be a mediator of asthma exacerbation. We had the opportunity to analyze bronchoalveolar lavage fluids from an asthmatic infant, which were characterized by neutrophil infiltration. The patient's lungs were washed on three occasions with saline during asthmatic attacks. PAF was found(More)
Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) who did not respond to the initial IVIG are known to have higher risk for developing coronary arterial lesions (CALs). Our aim is to clarify whether patients with initial IVIG resistant KD may benefit from methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPT) in comparison with re- treatment of IVIG (2nd IVIG). A total of 237 patients(More)
Proliferation of bronchial epithelial cells is an important biologic process in a variety of physiologic and pathologic conditions. In this study, we demonstrate that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulates proliferation of human bronchial epithelial cells obtained from healthy volunteers. The mitogenic effect of HGF is dependent on costimulation with(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies against the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) in donors' blood are implicated in the development of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). Screening of female donors for HLA antibodies has been introduced to prevent TRALI; however, the relationship of HLA antibody strength in the transfused components to the development of TRALI(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital haptoglobin deficiency is a risk factor for anaphylactic nonhemolytic transfusion reactions in Japan. The deleted allele of the haptoglobin gene, Hp(del), which causes congenital haptoglobin deficiency, has also been observed in other Northeast Asian populations, such as Korean and Chinese persons. It has not been reported in several(More)
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is one of the serious side effects that occur immediately after blood transfusion. The etiology of TRALI may be attributed to the presence of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and/or anti-polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) antibodies in the plasma of donor blood products. However, the precise mechanisms(More)