Hitoshi Nishijima

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ALS2 mutations account for a number of recessive motor neuron diseases including forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, primary lateral sclerosis and hereditary spastic paraplegia. Although computational predictions suggest that ALS2 encodes a protein containing multiple guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) domains [RCC1-like domain (RLD), the Dbl(More)
Histone acetyltransferase 1 (HAT1) is implicated for diacetylation of Lys-5 and Lys-12 of newly synthesized histone H4, the biological significance of which remains unclear. To investigate the in vivo role of HAT1, we generated HAT1-deficient DT40 clone (HAT1(-/-)). HAT1(-/-) cells exhibited greatly reduced diacetylation levels of Lys-5 and Lys-12, and(More)
Amounts of soluble histones in cells are tightly regulated to ensure supplying them for the newly synthesized DNA and preventing the toxic effect of excess histones. Prior to incorporation into chromatin, newly synthesized histones H3 and H4 are highly acetylated in pre-deposition complex, wherein H4 is di-acetylated at Lys-5 and Lys-12 residues by histone(More)
By incubating at 30 8 C in the presence of an energy source, p34 cdc2 /cyclin B was activated in the extract prepared from a temperature-sensitive mutant, tsBN2, which prematurely enters mitosis at 40 8 C, the nonpermissive temperature (Nishimoto, T., E. Eilen, and C. Basilico. 1978. Cell . 15:475–483), and wild-type cells of the hamster BHK21 cell line(More)
The interphase nucleus is a highly ordered and compartmentalized organelle. Little is known regarding what elaborate mechanisms might exist to explain these properties of the nucleus. Also unresolved is whether some architectural components might facilitate the formation of functional intranuclear compartments or higher order chromatin structure. As the(More)
We isolated 11 independent temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe RanGAP, SpRna1 that have several amino acid changes in the conserved domains of RanGAP. Resulting Sprna1ts showed a strong defect in mitotic chromosome segregation, but did not in nucleocytoplasmic transport and microtubule formation. In addition to Sprna1+ and(More)
Hamster rcc1 mutant, tsBN2, prematurely enter mitosis during S phase. RCC1 is a guanine nucleotide exchanging factor for a small G protein Ran and localised on the chromatin, whereas RanGTPase activating protein is in the cytoplasm. Consistently, Ran shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm, carrying out nucleus-cytosol exchange of macromolecules,(More)
The nucleus in eukaryotic cells is a highly organized and dynamic structure containing numerous subnuclear bodies. The morphological appearance of nuclear bodies seems to be a reflection of ongoing functions, such as DNA replication, transcription, repair, RNA processing and RNA transport. The integrator complex mediates processing of small nuclear RNA(More)
BACKGROUND Both caffeine and the inactivation of RCC1, the guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) of Ran, induce premature chromatin condensation (PCC) in hamster BHK21 cells arrested in the S-phase, suggesting that RCC1 is a target for caffeine. RESULTS Caffeine inhibited the Ran-GEF activity of RCC1 by preventing the binary complex formation of(More)
Tightly controlled expression of transgenes in mammalian cells is an important tool for biological research, drug discovery, and future genetic therapies. The tetracycline-regulated gene depletion (Tet-Off) system has been widely used to control gene activities in mammalian cells, because it allows strict regulation of transgenes but no pleiotropic effects(More)