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We have developed a pHANNIBAL-like silencing vector, pSilent-1, for ascomycete fungi, which carries a hygromycin resistance cassette and a transcriptional unit for hairpin RNA expression with a spacer of a cutinase gene intron from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. In M. oryzae, a silencing vector with the cutinase intron spacer (147 bp) showed a(More)
ABSTRACT A genetic cross was performed between a Setaria isolate (pathogenic on foxtail millet) and a Triticum isolate (pathogenic on wheat) of Magnaporthe grisea to elucidate genetic mechanisms of its specific parasitism toward wheat. A total of 80 F(1) progenies were obtained from 10 mature asci containing 8 ascospores. Lesions on wheat leaves produced by(More)
We developed an RNA-silencing vector, pSilent-Dual1 (pSD1), with a convergent dual promoter system that provides a high-throughput platform for functional genomics research in filamentous fungi. In the pSD1 system, the target gene was designed to be transcribed as a chimeric RNA with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) RNA. This enabled us to(More)
Histological and cytological evidence of where and when apoptotic cells occur in Pc-2/Vb oat cells treated with victorin was obtained by observing DNA strand breaks at both light (LM) and electron microscope (EM) levels using TUNEL techniques. DNA from leaf segments that had been floated on victorin solution with the abaxial epidermis removed showed typical(More)
Eighty-five Pyricularia isolates were collected from 29 host species of Gramineae, Bambusideae and Zingiberaceae plants sampled in Brazil, Uganda, Ivory Coast, India, Nepal, China, Indonesia and Japan. These isolates were compared on the basis of pathogenicity, mating ability and restriction fragment length polymorphisms with single-copy DNA probes. Based(More)
Understanding the molecular basis of plant responses to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) is an active area of research in the field of plant-microbe interactions. A growing number of plant genes involved in various steps of PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI) pathways and microbial factors involved in the elicitation or suppression of PTI have been(More)
Systematic analysis of RNA silencing was carried out in the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (formerly Magnaporthe grisea) using the enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP) gene as a model. To assess the ability of RNA species to induce RNA silencing in the fungus, plasmid constructs expressing sense, antisense, and hairpin RNAs were introduced into an(More)
Apoptotic cell response in oats is induced by victorin, a host-selective toxin secreted by Cochliobolus victoriae and thought to exert toxicity by inhibiting mitochondrial glycine decarboxylase (GDC) in Pc-2/Vb oats. We examined the role of mitochondria, especially the organelle-derived production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in the induction of(More)
Cells in the primary leaves of oats displayed internucleosomal DNA cleavage in response to incompatible crown rust infection. DNA laddering also was evident in leaves treated with calcium ionophore A23187, nonspecific elicitors such as chitin and chitosan oligomers, and victorin, which functions as a specific elicitor in Pc-2/Vb containing oat leaves. The(More)