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Understanding the molecular basis of plant responses to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) is an active area of research in the field of plant-microbe interactions. A growing number of plant genes involved in various steps of PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI) pathways and microbial factors involved in the elicitation or suppression of PTI have been(More)
We have developed a pHANNIBAL-like silencing vector, pSilent-1, for ascomycete fungi, which carries a hygromycin resistance cassette and a transcriptional unit for hairpin RNA expression with a spacer of a cutinase gene intron from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. In M. oryzae, a silencing vector with the cutinase intron spacer (147 bp) showed a(More)
ABSTRACT A genetic cross was performed between a Setaria isolate (pathogenic on foxtail millet) and a Triticum isolate (pathogenic on wheat) of Magnaporthe grisea to elucidate genetic mechanisms of its specific parasitism toward wheat. A total of 80 F(1) progenies were obtained from 10 mature asci containing 8 ascospores. Lesions on wheat leaves produced by(More)
We developed an RNA-silencing vector, pSilent-Dual1 (pSD1), with a convergent dual promoter system that provides a high-throughput platform for functional genomics research in filamentous fungi. In the pSD1 system, the target gene was designed to be transcribed as a chimeric RNA with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) RNA. This enabled us to(More)
Apoptotic cell response in oats is induced by victorin, a host-selective toxin secreted by Cochliobolus victoriae and thought to exert toxicity by inhibiting mitochondrial glycine decarboxylase (GDC) in Pc-2/Vb oats. We examined the role of mitochondria, especially the organelle-derived production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in the induction of(More)
The discovery of RNA interference (RNAi) has been the major recent breakthrough in biology. Only a few years after its discovery, RNAi has rapidly become a powerful reverse genetic tool, especially in organisms where gene targeting is inefficient and/or time-consuming. In filamentous fungi, RNAi is not currently used as widely as is gene targeting by(More)
Histological and cytological evidence of where and when apoptotic cells occur in Pc-2/Vb oat cells treated with victorin was obtained by observing DNA strand breaks at both light (LM) and electron microscope (EM) levels using TUNEL techniques. DNA from leaf segments that had been floated on victorin solution with the abaxial epidermis removed showed typical(More)
Dicer is a ribonuclease III-like enzyme playing a key role in the RNA silencing pathway. Genome sequencing projects have demonstrated that eukaryotic genomes vary in the numbers of Dicer-like (DCL) proteins from one (human) to four (Arabidopsis). Two DCL genes, MDL-1 and -2 (Magnaporthe Dicer-like-1 and -2) have been identified in the genome of the(More)
ABSTRACT Fungal isolates from gray leaf spot on perennial ryegrass (prg isolates) were characterized by DNA analyses, mating tests, and pathogenicity assays. All of the prg isolates were interfertile with Triticum isolates and clustered into the crop isolate group (CC group) on a dendrogram constructed from rDNA-internal transcribed spacer 2 sequences.(More)