Hitoshi Nakajima

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Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is occasionally associated with other autoimmune diseases. To investigate the pathophysiology of AIP, we immunohistochemically examined the pancreas and other organs in eight patients with AIP, and in controls, using anti-CD4-T and CD8-T cell subsets, as well as IgG4 antibodies. In AIP patients, severe or moderate infiltration(More)
Differentiation between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer is sometimes difficult. It has been reported that serum IgG4 concentrations are significantly elevated and particularly high (>135 mg/dL) in autoimmune pancreatitis. Measurement of serum IgG4 has become a useful tool for differentiating between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic(More)
OBJECTIVES Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a newly described entity with characteristic clinical, histologic, and morphologic changes, in which autoimmune mechanisms are involved in pathogenesis. However, difficulties can arise in the differentiation of AIP from pancreatic carcinoma. The aims of this study were to clarify clinical and radiologic features(More)
The migrating motor complex (MMC) is well characterized by the appearance of gastrointestinal contractions in the interdigestive state. This study was designed to clarify the mechanisms of gastric MMC (G-MMC) and intestinal MMC (I-MMC) in conscious dogs. Five strain gauge transducers were implanted on the stomach and intestine. To investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Steroid therapy is currently common treatment for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP); however, indications of steroid therapy have yet to be established, and the clinical course after steroid therapy is unknown. METHODS A total of 23 patients with AIP were subdivided into 4 groups according to the initial treatments undertaken. They were treated(More)
AIM As intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) has a favorable prognosis, associated malignancies have potential significance in these patients. We examined the incidence and characteristics of pre-existing, coexisting and subsequent malignancies in patients with IPMN. METHODS Seventy-nine cases of IPMN were diagnosed by detection of mucous in the(More)
The distribution of neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-characteristic brain lesions corresponds to sites of high aquaporin-4 (AQP4) expression, and the brainstem and hypothalamus lesions that express high levels of AQP4 protein are relatively characteristic of NMO. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is one of the important causes(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family proteins including TNF-alpha and Fas (CD95)-ligand have been implicated in the development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We studied whether AMI patients displayed up-regulation of another TNF family member, TNF-related-apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We compared(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The accessory pancreatic duct is the smaller and less constant pancreatic duct in comparison with the main pancreatic duct. We investigated the patency of the accessory pancreatic duct and its role in pancreatic pathophysiology. METHODOLOGY Dye-injection endoscopic retrograde pancreatography was performed in 411 patients. In patients in(More)