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Endogenous high-affinity Ca2+ buffering and its roles were investigated in mouse cerebellar Purkinje cells with the use of a low-affinity Ca2+ indicator and a high-affinity caged Ca2+ compound. Increases in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were markedly facilitated during repetitive depolarization, resulting in the generation of steep micromolar(More)
Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia with clinical symptoms that include punching, kicking, yelling and leaping out of bed in sleep. Polysomnographic (PSG) finding showed REM sleep without muscle atonia. Clonazepam is generally used for treating RBD symptoms but melatonin was reported to be effective so we reconfirmed the effect(More)
We examined the effects of facial affect recognition on auditory ERP using facial drawings depicting sadness, no emotion, pleasure and anger. Auditory ERP were recorded using an oddball paradigm in 13 women and 13 men while pictures and test tones were presented. P300 peak amplitude, area, and latency, and also subject's reaction time, were evaluated. The(More)
Ten subjects were tested for eight sessions using an auditory oddball paradigm at 1-week and 1-month intervals to examine the stability of multiple event-related potential (ERP) components, in terms of trait (between session) and state (within session) reliability. The between session reliabilities presented as intraclass correlations (r') were 0.54 for the(More)
Fatalities due to extreme environmental temperatures involving hypothermia (cold exposure) and hyperthermia (heat stroke) might present with poor or nonspecific morphological pathologies, which are insufficient to establish the cause of death in forensic practice. The present study immunohistochemically investigated basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF),(More)
We examined the differences between the results of an automatic sleep analysis system and inspection decision. Subjects were 10 males (average age 21.6 years). One section consists of 20 s records. The sections that deviated from the algorithm could not be decided. Each sleep stage decided by automatic analysis was compared with the inspection decision. The(More)
PURPOSE To describe the recent epidemic of photosensitive seizure that occurred in relation to an episode of the television animation program "Pocket Monsters," we report four patients who experienced seizures while watching the episode in question. We also report some technical aspects of the program episode. METHODS We investigated the clinical symptoms(More)
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system in drug abusers may be affected due to disorders of the hypothalamic dopaminergic system. The present study investigated alterations in the adenohypophysis of middle-aged drug abusers (40-60 years of age), using clusterin-containing mixed cell-follicles as the indicator, in which clusterin(More)
The mechanisms of the antidepressant activity of forskolin and a novel water soluble forskolin analog (NKH477) were studied using the forced swimming method in rats. Forskolin (0.01-0.1 mg/kg) and NKH477 (0.01-0.1 mg/kg) dose-dependently decreased ratings of immobility, with effects similar to those of amitriptyline treatment. The maximum effects of(More)
We investigated the acute effects of caffeine (500 mg) on event-related potentials (ERP) in 10 healthy subjects using standard oddball and single-tone paradigms. Event-related potentials were recorded before oral ingestion of caffeine or placebo and 30 min and 210 min after. The oddball paradigm, but not the single-tone paradigm, showed that the P300(More)