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UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  The effectiveness of incretin-based therapies in Asian type 2 diabetes requires investigation of the secretion and metabolism of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypepide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Plasma extractions have been suggested to reduce variability in intact GLP-1 levels among individuals by(More)
AIMS The GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide improves impaired pancreatic β-cell function, thereby exerting glucose-lowering effects. However, the association of remaining β-cell function with long-term therapeutic efficacy of liraglutide remains largely unknown. METHODS Patients with type 2 diabetes who started liraglutide as monotherapy or(More)
We examined GLP-1 secretion from the pancreas of a patient with glucagonoma and pancreatic resection by measuring GLP-1 after meal ingestion or selective arterial calcium injection, and immunohistochemical analysis. Our findings support the notion that GLP-1 is secreted from pancreatic α cells in humans.
Assessment of the benefits of anti-diabetic drugs for type 2 diabetes requires analysis of composite end-points, taking HbA1c, bodyweight, hypoglycemia and other metabolic parameters into consideration; continuous, optimal glycemic control as well as bodyweight, blood pressure and lipid levels are critical to prevent micro- and macro-vascular complications.(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION The safety and efficacy of insulin-to-liraglutide switch in type 2 diabetes has not been studied adequately. Here, we retrospectively characterize clinical parameters that might predict insulin-to-liraglutide treatment switch without termination due to hyperglycemia, and examine the effects of switching the therapies on glycated hemoglobin(More)
Type 2 diabetes in East Asians is characterized primarily by β-cell dysfunction, and with less adiposity and less insulin resistance compared with that in Caucasians. Such pathophysiological differences can determine the appropriate therapeutics for the disease. Incretins, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide-1, are(More)
This study was initiated to evaluate the association of acute pancreatitis (AP) with the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors among patients with diabetes in Japan. A retrospective cohort study of a large medical and pharmacy claims database was performed to compare the incidence of AP among those receiving DPP-4 inhibitors and those receiving(More)
Investigation of dietary therapy for diabetes has focused on meal size and composition; examination of the effects of meal sequence on postprandial glucose management is limited. The effects of fish or meat before rice on postprandial glucose excursion, gastric emptying and incretin secretions were investigated. The experiment was a single centre,(More)
Regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins are negative regulators of heterotrimeric guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) by activating intrinsic GTPase activity of G alpha and thereby terminating G-protein coupled receptor-associated signal transduction. RGS8 belongs to B/R4 subfamily of RGS proteins and is expressed in the central(More)
This study was initiated to identify clinical and dietary parameters that predict efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. A total of 72 untreated Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes who received DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, alogliptin or vildagliptin) for 4 months were examined for changes of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and body mass index(More)