Hitoshi Kobayashi

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Neurotrophins, such as nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), are essential for development, function, and survival of peripheral sympathetic and sensory neurons. Most eosinophilic leukocytes in the human body are localized in mucosal tissues; however, the roles of eosinophils in human diseases are not fully understood. We found that human(More)
  • H Kobayashi
  • Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand…
  • 1989
Sterilization and disinfectant are the most important measures to control nosocomial infections. Their indications and instructions must be followed strictly to ensure efficacy. However, other measures should not be neglected. They include proper hospital planning, aseptic techniques, antimicrobial treatment, surveillance, guidelines for various procedure,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The effect of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) on cough responsiveness in patients with bronchial asthma has yet to be studied in significant detail. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of distal esophageal acid perfusion on cough responsiveness in patients with bronchial asthma. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS In seven patients(More)
BACKGROUND Previous data suggest the high incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in asthmatics, although the relationship between GER and the respiratory condition in asthmatics remain unclear. We investigated the incidence of GER in asthmatics and the association between the effects of proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) on respiratory functions and esophageal(More)
Although histamine is a central mediator in the immediate allergic reaction, its role in goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway of asthma is not completely understood. This study was designed to examine the role of histamine in goblet cell hyperplasia using histamine-deficient mice (Hdc(-/-) mice) with allergic airway inflammation. Wild-type and Hdc(-/-)(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary sarcoidosis is a disorder characterized by noncaseating epithelioid granulomas that are anatomically distributed along lymphogenous routes. Currently, limited information is available about lymphangiogenesis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVE To clarify the characteristics of lymphangiogenesis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma (BA) and allergic rhinitis (AR) are thought to share a common pathogenesis. However, reports concerning the comorbidity of the two diseases in a large-scaled population are rare in Japan. In the present study, we performed an analysis on the two diseases using questionnaires that addressed the diagnosis, symptoms and period of(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine is known to have immunoregulatory roles in allergic reactions through histamine receptor 1 (H1R), H2R, H3R and H4R. However, its role in goblet cell hyperplasia in the airways of asthma patients is yet to be clarified. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to examine the role of histamine in goblet cell hyperplasia using(More)
Histamine has been reported to play an important role in pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. However, H1-blockers are not recommended as the first drug for asthma therapy in the guidelines. Histamine may play various roles in allergic airway inflammation through the H1 receptor (H1R), H2R, and H4R in immune cells including T lymphocytes and dendritic cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE Persistent cough is a frequent cause of doctor and hospital visits, and its incidence may be increasing. However, diagnosis of the cause of cough remains difficult. Because different causes of cough have different treatments, accurate diagnosis of the cause of cough is critical. To gain a better understanding of the causes of cough in Japan, we(More)