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Neurotrophins, such as nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), are essential for development, function, and survival of peripheral sympathetic and sensory neurons. Most eosinophilic leukocytes in the human body are localized in mucosal tissues; however, the roles of eosinophils in human diseases are not fully understood. We found that human(More)
BACKGROUND The Japanese Society for Psoriasis Research has conducted an annual survey of psoriasis patients in Japan from 1982 to 2001. OBJECTIVE To perform the epidemiological study about a survey of psoriasis patients conducted in Japan for twenty years. METHODS A sample of 28628 cases was collected from 148 dermatology centers throughout Japan. The(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The effect of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) on cough responsiveness in patients with bronchial asthma has yet to be studied in significant detail. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of distal esophageal acid perfusion on cough responsiveness in patients with bronchial asthma. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS In seven patients(More)
BACKGROUND Previous data suggest the high incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in asthmatics, although the relationship between GER and the respiratory condition in asthmatics remain unclear. We investigated the incidence of GER in asthmatics and the association between the effects of proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) on respiratory functions and esophageal(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary sarcoidosis is a disorder characterized by noncaseating epithelioid granulomas that are anatomically distributed along lymphogenous routes. Currently, limited information is available about lymphangiogenesis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVE To clarify the characteristics of lymphangiogenesis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. METHODS The(More)
Here the authors report pulmonary allergic vasculitis with eosinophil infiltration in an asthma model of mice and investigated its pathogenesis. C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA). After the inhalation of OVA, the authors measured the cell number and cytokine concentration in the blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The(More)
Although histamine is a central mediator in the immediate allergic reaction, its role in goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway of asthma is not completely understood. This study was designed to examine the role of histamine in goblet cell hyperplasia using histamine-deficient mice (Hdc(-/-) mice) with allergic airway inflammation. Wild-type and Hdc(-/-)(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine is known to have immunoregulatory roles in allergic reactions through histamine receptor 1 (H1R), H2R, H3R and H4R. However, its role in goblet cell hyperplasia in the airways of asthma patients is yet to be clarified. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to examine the role of histamine in goblet cell hyperplasia using(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma (BA) and allergic rhinitis (AR) are thought to share a common pathogenesis. However, reports concerning the comorbidity of the two diseases in a large-scaled population are rare in Japan. In the present study, we performed an analysis on the two diseases using questionnaires that addressed the diagnosis, symptoms and period of(More)
BACKGROUND A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs20541) in the IL-13 gene has been recognized as a risk factor for asthma. This SNP causes Arg to Gln (Q) substitution at position 110 in the mature IL-13 protein. We have recently showed that FEV1 in asthmatics with the Q110 variant of IL-13 declined faster, and progressive airway remodeling was observed(More)