Hitoshi Kitani

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Changes of basophil reactivity to housedust extract and anti-IgE during immunotherapy was examined in thirteen patients with bronchial asthma sensitive to housedust. (i) A significant decrease in the morphological reactivity of basophils to housedust extract was observed 6 months after the beginning of immunotherapy with the antigen, and a significant(More)
The effects of glucocorticoids on the proportion of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in relation to humoral and cellular immunity were studied in 56 patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma. To analyze the mechanism responsible for reduced numbers of BAL lymphocytes, we divided the subjects into 4 groups according to their BAL(More)
The effects of long-term glucocorticoid therapy on airway inflammation were examined in 84 asthma patients. The proportion of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was significantly decreased in patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) compared to results in non-SDIA patients, while BAL neutrophils were significantly increased(More)
The proportion of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and the release of chemical mediators from BAL and peripheral blood cells were examined in 40 patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) to clarify the effects of a long-term glucocorticoid regimen on these cells. The proportion of BAL lymphocytes was significantly(More)
Anti-IgE-induced histamine release from basophils was examined in 46 asthmatic subjects using a whole blood method. Basophils from subjects less than 30 years old released more histamine than those from subjects aged 41 to 50. The age at onset of the disease also affected the reactivity of basophils to anti-IgE: basophils showed a high response in subjects(More)
Mucus hypersecretion was clinically analyzed in 46 adult patients with bronchial asthma, including 22 with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA). A large amount of expectoration, over 50 ml/day, was observed in 16 of these patients (34.8%), of whom 12 (75.0%) had SDIA and 13 (81.3%) were women. The mean amount of expectoration increased with(More)
It has been proposed that lethal mutations among the progeny of a surviving cell could be the basis for the recall effect when chemotherapy is applied subsequent to the repair of normal-tissue injury resulting from a course of radiation therapy. Because radiotherapy is usually multifractionated, the possibility exists that repair of heritable injury of this(More)
A 58-year-old farmer was admitted to our hospital because of repeated episodes of anaphylaxis. He had experienced 12 episodes of anaphylactic shock over the previous 17 years. These attacks included three episodes of bee sting. In general, the episodes occurred during farm work (exercise) and within two hours of eating cake in the afternoon. Because an(More)
Effects of long-term glucocorticoid therapy on airway inflammatory cells were examined in 40 patients with bronchial asthma. 1. The dose of glucocorticoids required by asthmatic patients tended to increase and the level of serum cortisol tended to decrease with prolongation of the period of glucocorticoid therapy. 2. The proportion and number of lymphocytes(More)
Immunoallergological studies were carried out to clarify the differences between 24 patients with drug-induced asthma (DIA) and 240 with non-drug-induced asthma (non-DIA). The mean values of age, skin reaction to Candida albicans (C. albicans), serum IgE levels, specific IgE antibodies to house dust (HD) and C. albicans, bronchial sensitivity and(More)