Hitoshi Kawamata

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Depth of submucosal invasion (SM depth) in submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma (SICC) is considered an important predictive factor for lymph node metastasis. However, no nationwide reports have clarified the relationship between SM depth and rate of lymph node metastasis. Our aim was to investigate the correlations between lymph node metastasis and SM(More)
We examined the expression of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) mRNA in the peripheral blood of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Eleven out of 12 oral SCC patients showed positive RT-PCR results. However, there is no clear relationship between the haematogenous CK20 mRNA and the metastasis. After(More)
We have previously reported that troglitazone inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production in chronic pancreatitis. In the present study, we show that troglitazone prevents the progression of chronic pancreatitis by inhibiting the proliferation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) via a PPARgamma-independent mechanism. WBN/Kob rats with spontaneous chronic(More)
One hundred and twenty-three fungal isolates were obtained from 225 root segments of eggplants, melon, tomato, strawberry and Chinese cabbage, grown as bait plants in a mixed soil made up of samples from different fields in Shizuoka, Japan. Isolates belonging to Mycelium radicis atrovirens (MRA), including Phialocephala fortinii, were the most prevalent in(More)
14-3-3 sigma:, a target gene of the p53 tumour suppressor protein, has been shown to regulate the cell cycle at the G2/M checkpoint. Recent studies have demonstrated that 14-3-3 sigma is downregulated by hypermethylation of the CpG island in several types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression and methylation status of 14-3-3 sigma in(More)
We undertook the present study to clarify the molecular mechanism of the effect of a new anti-cancer drug, vesnarinone, on a human salivary gland cancer cell line, TYS. We isolated TSC-22cDNA as avesnarinone-inducible gene from a cDNA library constructed from vesnarinone-treated TYS cells. TSC-22 was originally reported as a transforming growth factor(More)
Treating malignant tumor through the induction of cell differentiation has been an attractive concept, but clinical development of differentiation-inducing agents to treat malignant tumor, especially for solid tumors has been limited to date. Nerve growth factor, all trans retinoic acid, dimethyl sulfoxide, active form vitamin D(3), peroxisome(More)
The balance between matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors is a critical factor which affects tumor invasion and metastasis. We have established a rat bladder carcinoma cell line, LMC19, which is tumorigenic, invasive and metastatic to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and to the lungs in nude mice. LMC19 cells secrete pro-gelatinases A and B as well(More)
Chronic inflammation of the urinary tract is a significant risk factor for the development of bladder cancer. We have shown that acute and chronic inflammation induced by intravesical instillations of killed Escherichia coli strikingly enhances N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-initiated rat bladder carcinogenesis. To test the hypothesis that cytokines released(More)
TSC-22 gene was composed of three exons and its length was approximately 5.5 kb including 2.9 kb promoter region. The transcription starting site was located at 7 and 29 bp downstream from TATA box. Promoter analysis revealed that 2146 bp of TSC-22 promoter was activated by several differentiation inducing drugs. Although originally TSC-22 was isolated as a(More)