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BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections. It produces numerous toxins including superantigens that cause unique disease entities such as toxic-shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever, and has acquired resistance to practically all antibiotics. Whole genome analysis is a(More)
The effects of systemic hypoxia with different levels of CO2 on R-R interval (RRI) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) variabilities were investigated in conscious rats. Wistar rats chronically instrumented for the measurement of blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were exposed to hypocapnic (Hypo), isocapnic (Iso),(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a widespread pathogen of humans causing pneumonia and bronchitis. There are many reports of an association between C.PNEUMONIAE: infection and atherosclerosis. We determined the whole genome sequence of C.PNEUMONIAE: strain J138 isolated in Japan in 1994 and compared it with the sequence of strain CWL029 isolated in the USA before(More)
The contribution of the autonomic nervous system to the cardiovascular response to hypoxia with different levels of CO2 was investigated in conscious rats. Wistar rats were chronically instrumented for measurement of arterial blood pressure (ABP), electrocardiogram, and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA). They were exposed to 1) hypocapnic hypoxia(More)
We have measured the changes in transient otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) during and after ototoxic amikacin treatment in an animal (chinchilla) model. TEOAE and DPOAE were recorded from 6 adult chinchillas over a 6-week time course starting just before a 5-day or 7-day treatment period with amikacin(More)
Five cases of ectopic liver, two of retro-peritoneal cavity and three of gallbladder, and a case of accessory lobe of the liver, are reported. One of these cases with ectopic liver was accompanied by multiple cysts of the liver and kidney, and biliary microhamartoma, which was observed laparoscopically on the surface of the main liver and histologically(More)
Two patients with choledochal cyst who needed an emergent biliary drainage are presented. Case 1: Spontaneous rupture of the cyst was demonstrated by hepatobiliary scintigram in a 21-month-old girl and an emergent T-tube drainage relieved her symptom. Acute obstruction by protein plugs was considered to have caused rapid expansion of the cyst, which(More)
Since specific treatment has not yet been decided on for Crohn's disease, the immediate target is the induction of remission and its maintenance. We examined the effects of an elemental diet (ED) in Crohn's disease with special reference to the maintenance of remission. Eighty-four patients received total enteral nutrition with the ED (35 to 40 kcal/kg(More)
We investigated the effect of nutritional therapy with an elemental diet (ED) for active Crohn's disease. One hundred and thirty-nine patients with Crohn's disease were enrolled in this study. Remission was judged to be present when the International Organization of Inflammatory Bowel Disease score was < or = 1 and the CRP and ESR values were within the(More)
We have found a reorganization of tonotopic maps (based on neuron response thresholds) in primary auditory cortex of the adult chinchilla after amikacin-induced basal cochlear lesions. We find an over-representation of a frequency that corresponds to the border area of the cochlear lesion. The reorganization observed is similar in extent to that previously(More)