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Intramuscular blood vessels were examined with succinate dehydrogenase stain in skeletal muscle biopsy specimens from 6 patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Almost all arteries had large granular deposits with high succinate dehydrogenase activity in their walls. Electron microscopic(More)
Chemokines and chemokine receptors play important roles in migration and tissue localization of various lymphocyte subsets. Here, we report the highly frequent expression of CCR4 in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-immortalized T cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that ATL and HTLV-1-immortalized T-cell lines(More)
We have examined the turnover of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) and the effect of decreasing BH4 levels on in situ tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and norepinephrine (NE) content in a homogeneous population of NE-containing neurons derived from the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) of the neonatal rat and maintained in tissue culture. Initial studies(More)
The effects of a serotonin (5-HT) receptor agonist, 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT), on epileptic photosensitivity were studied in the lateral geniculate-kindled cat. 5-MeODMT at 4 mg/kg significantly suppressed photically induced myoclonus, but not paroxysmal EEG activity, at 0.5-1 h after injection. This antiepileptic effect was seen in(More)
The acute anticonvulsant effects of zonisamide (ZNS) and phenytoin (PHT) on seizure activity produced by electrical stimulation of the feline visual cortex were studied. The intravenous administration of ZNS 60 mg/kg reduced kindled generalized seizures into partial seizures, with marked reduction in the afterdischarge duration. ZNS also suppressed focal(More)
We studied 328 complex partial seizures (CPS) in 63 consecutive patients with temporal lobe epilepsy who underwent scalp electroencephalography/video monitoring, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and surgery. The initial ictal discharge (IID), defined as the first sustained electrical seizure pattern localized to the surgical site, was determined. If the(More)
This study assessed the effects of a serotonin (5-HT)1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a 5-HT2 agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) and a 5-HT2 antagonist ketanserin on fully kindled seizures from the hippocampus. 8-OH-DPAT produced a marked suppression in hippocampal kindled seizures, while producing(More)
This study assessed the effects of microinjections of a serotonin (5-HT) 1A agonist, 8-OH-DPAT, into the feline hippocampus (HIP) on seizure response induced by electrical stimulation of this region. Intra-HIP injection of 8-OH-DPAT (10 nmol) produced a significant elevation in the afterdischarge threshold of partial HIP seizures, with a significant(More)
A common feature of severe Plasmodium falciparum infection is the increased systemic release of proinflammatory cytokines that contributes to the pathogenesis of malaria. Using human blood, we found that blood stage schizonts or soluble schizont extracts activated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) to up-regulate CD86 expression and produce IFN-alpha.(More)
BACKGROUND Radiosurgery has been advocated as a primary treatment for hypothalamic hamartoma (HH), but it has a risk of damaging the surrounding structures and does not have an immediate effect for refractory epilepsy, endocrinological and mental disorders. METHOD We report on a 13-year-old boy with a large and sessile HH who presented with intractable(More)