Hitoo Nishi

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Retrovirus insertion-mediated random mutagenesis was applied in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells to better understand the molecular basis of obesity (the expansion of individual adipocytes). We found that tryptophan hydroxylase-1, a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT), is expressed in adipocytes and is required for their differentiation. A(More)
AIMS A significant increase in congestive heart failure (CHF) was reported when the anti-ErbB2 antibody trastuzumab was used in combination with the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (Dox). The aim of the present study was to investigate the role(s) of miRNAs in acute Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS AND RESULTS Neuregulin-1-ErbB signalling is essential(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously showed that cholesterol loading in vitro converts mouse aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from a contractile state to one resembling macrophages. In human and mouse atherosclerotic plaques, it has become appreciated that ≈40% of cells classified as macrophages by histological markers may be of VSMC origin. Therefore, we(More)
C holesterol homeostasis is a tightly regulated process. Previous work has been dominated by sterol-response element—related mechanisms, but the influence of micro-RNAs (miRs) is increasingly recognized, with miR-223 becoming a recent member of this group. Several micro-RNAs (miRNAs or miR-) have been reported to be involved in cholesterol homeostasis. 1–4(More)
Commentaries 1150 The ins and outs of ABCA1 John F. Oram 1152 PCSK9 function and physiology COVER: Confocal micrograph of RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells (63× magnification) that have been treated to upregulate the ATP binding cassette transporter AI. The plasma membrane is highlighted in green by a fluorescent antibody to CD11b. The red label inside the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of cardiac energy production against sustained pressure overload remains to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS We generated cardiac-specific kinase-dead (kd) calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase-β (CaMKKβ) transgenic (α-MHC CaMKKβkd TG) mice using α-myosin heavy chain (α-MHC) promoter. Although CaMKKβ activity was(More)
Atherosclerosis can be induced by the injection of a gain-of-function mutant of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9)-encoding adeno-associated viral vector (AAVmPCSK9), avoiding the need for knockout mice models, such as low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient mice. As regression of atherosclerosis is a crucial therapeutic goal, we aimed(More)
We report a case of 79-year-old man, who was diagnosed to have transient ACTH deficiency associated with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). The patient presented with sudden onset bilateral shoulder pain, which was gradually aggravated. Plasma ACTH was undetectable, and both serum cortisol and urinary 17-OHCS were very low. Other pituitary hormones were normal,(More)
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