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The aim of this study is to investigate the placental transport mechanism of cationic compounds by comparison of the uptake of an organic cation into human placental basal membrane vesicles (BLMVs) with that into organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3)-expressing cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that OCT3 is the only(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer death among all gynecologic cancers. We demonstrate here that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced ectodomain shedding of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a critical to tumor formation in ovarian cancer. We found that among the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of growth(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study are firstly to clarify how the Doppler isovolumetric contraction time (ICT) is influenced by arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) or pH, and secondly to confirm the relationship between the Doppler ICT and myocardial contractility during hypoxemia and/or acidemia in the fetal lamb. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 12 pregnant(More)
Periconceptional folate supplementation is widely believed to have significant preventive effects on the production of neural tube defects. Folate-binding protein 1 (FBP1) is one of the membrane proteins that mediate cellular uptake of folate. Although recent studies suggest that Fbp1 is essential for neural tube closure, the pattern of Fbp1 expression in(More)
In this study, we divided 26 fetuses at 32-37 weeks of gestation into three groups using combined criteria of gestational age and behavioral indicators. We investigated fetal habituation to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS). Fetuses showed habituation from at least 32 weeks of gestation. Furthermore, fetuses less developed from behavioral standpoint took(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of neutrophil-derived reactive oxygen species on endothelial cell dysfunction in preeclampsia. We first assessed the correlation between nitrite and superoxide anion production in normal nonpregnant (n=10), normal pregnant (n=15), and preeclamptic women (n=12). We then examined neutrophil-mediated oxygen(More)
The multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) is a key molecule in determining not only the resistance of cancer cells to anticancer agents but also the disposition of a variety of drugs in intestinal and other tissues. However, the mechanism underlying interindividual variations in levels of MDR1 activity and expression in various tissues remains unclear. We analyzed(More)
The effects of anti-allergic agents on the hypersensitivity reactions to paclitaxel, an anti-cancer agent, were examined in rats. Intravenous injection of paclitaxel (15 mg/kg) caused a marked extravasation of plasma protein in lungs and a transient decrease in arterial partial oxygen pressure (PaO(2)). The paclitaxel-induced protein extravasation was(More)
We have previously shown that sensory nerve peptides contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) to paclitaxel in rats. Moreover, pemirolast, an antiallergic agent, reverses the HSRs to paclitaxel, although the mechanism is considered to result from the blockade of paclitaxel-induced release of sensory peptides, rather than(More)
OBJECTIVES Expression of RCAS1 (receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) is associated with prognosis of various malignancies including uterine cancer. Proteolytic cleavage of RCAS1 at extracellular domains (ectodomain shedding) yields soluble RCAS1. Although RCAS1 can induce apoptosis in normal peripheral lymphocytes, its biologic function(More)