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The aim of this study is to investigate the placental transport mechanism of cationic compounds by comparison of the uptake of an organic cation into human placental basal membrane vesicles (BLMVs) with that into organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3)-expressing cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that OCT3 is the only(More)
 The histology of ovarian tumors exhibits a wide variety of histological features. The histological classification of ovarian tumors by the World Health Organization (WHO) is based on histogenetic principles, and this classification categorizes ovarian tumors with regard to their derivation from coelomic surface epithelial cells, germ cells, and mesenchyme(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values calculated from echo-planar diffusion-weighted MR imaging (EPDWI) are useful in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS EPDWI was performed in 131 patients with ovarian cystic masses (54 mature cystic teratomas, 35 endometrial cysts, four other(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer death among all gynecologic cancers. We demonstrate here that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced ectodomain shedding of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a critical to tumor formation in ovarian cancer. We found that among the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of growth(More)
We report a case with spontaneous rupture of the renal pelvis during pregnancy. A 34-year-old Japanese woman was referred at 20 weeks' gestation because of sudden severe right flank pain. She had severe colic pain radiating to the right lower abdomen with percussion tenderness at the right costovertebral angle and was initially suspected to have(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors including LPA(1), LPA(2), and LPA(3) mediate lysophosphatidic acid signals. We analyzed the expression of LPA receptors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and interleukin-8 in 97 patients from normal ovary to ovarian cancer, using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. LPA(2), LPA(3), and VEGF(More)
The multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) is a key molecule in determining not only the resistance of cancer cells to anticancer agents but also the disposition of a variety of drugs in intestinal and other tissues. However, the mechanism underlying interindividual variations in levels of MDR1 activity and expression in various tissues remains unclear. We analyzed(More)
We investigated the transport of salicylic acid and L-lactic acid across the placenta using the human trophoblast cell line BeWo. We performed uptake experiments and measured the change in intracellular pH (pH(i)). The uptakes of [(14)C]salicylic acid and L-[(14)C]lactic acid were temperature- and extracellular pH-dependent and saturable at higher(More)
Hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) is still a major concern during cancer chemotherapy with paclitaxel. In the present study, we investigated retrospectively the incidence of HSRs to paclitaxel and the risk factors in 105 patients (553 courses) who received adjuvant chemotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin) for ovarian cancer. Moderate to severe HSRs that led(More)
Periconceptional folate supplementation is widely believed to have significant preventive effects on the production of neural tube defects. Folate-binding protein 1 (FBP1) is one of the membrane proteins that mediate cellular uptake of folate. Although recent studies suggest that Fbp1 is essential for neural tube closure, the pattern of Fbp1 expression in(More)