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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) is deeply involved in the metabolism of chemicals including pharmaceuticals. Therefore, polymorphisms of this enzyme have been widely studied to avoid unfavorable side effects of drugs in chemotherapy. In this work, we performed computational analysis of the mechanism of the decrease in enzymatic activity for three typical(More)
In this study, machine learning using support vector machine was combined with three-dimensional (3D) molecular shape overlay, to improve the screening efficiency. Since the 3D molecular shape overlay does not use fingerprints or descriptors to compare two compounds, unlike 2D similarity methods, the application of machine learning to a 3D shape-based(More)
Protein functions are closely related to their three-dimensional structures. Various degrees of conformational changes in the main and side chains occur when binding with other molecules, such as small ligands or proteins. The ligand-induced structural polymorphism of proteins is also referred to as "induced-fit", and it plays an important role in the(More)
No explicit pi-pi interaction term has been incorporated in the conventional molecular dynamics (MD) simulation programs in spite of its significant role in the folding of biomolecules and the clustering of organic chemicals. In this article, we propose a technique to emphasize the effect of pi-pi interactions using a function of energy and implement it(More)
Marine aquaculture and stock enhancement are major causes of the introduction of alien species. A good example of such an introduction is the Japanese shortneck clam Ruditapes philippinarum, one of the most important fishery resources in the world. To meet the domestic shortage of R. philippinarum caused by depleted catches, clams were imported to Japan(More)
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