Hitomi Shinji

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Commensal bacteria are known to inhibit pathogen colonization; however, complex host-microbe and microbe-microbe interactions have made it difficult to gain a detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in the inhibition of colonization. Here we show that the serine protease Esp secreted by a subset of Staphylococcus epidermidis, a commensal(More)
Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus and Staphylococcus warneri are coagulase-negative staphylococci. Each species has different characteristics, and a difference in pathology is also seen in compromised hosts. Therefore, the development of a species-specific simple detection method for the identification of these staphylococci is important.(More)
AIMS Staphylococcus epidermidis Esp, an extracellular serine protease, inhibits Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and nasal colonization. To further expand the biotechnological applications of Esp, we developed a highly efficient and economic method for the purification of recombinant Esp based on a Brevibacillus choshinensis expression-secretion(More)
Translocation of protein kinase C (PKC) after PMA or LPS stimulation has been studied in thioglycolate (TGC)-elicited murine peritoneal macrophages. Among the PKC subtypes we examined (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) by indirect immunostaining and immunoblot analysis, conventional PKC-beta, as well as novel PKC-delta and PKC-epsilon were found to(More)
We examined the effect of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtype-specific stimulation on L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca)) and elucidated the subtype-specific intracellular mechanisms for the regulation of L-type Ca2+ channels in isolated rat ventricular myocytes. We confirmed the protein expression of alpha(1A)- and alpha(1B)-adrenoceptor subtypes at the transverse(More)
Fibronectin-binding protein A (FnBPA) and FnBPB are important adhesins for Staphylococcus aureus infection. We constructed fnbA and/or fnbB mutant strains from S. aureus SH1000, which possesses intact rsbU, and studied the role of these adhesins in in vitro and in vivo infections. In intravenous infection, all fnb mutants caused a remarkable reduction in(More)
A protein phosphatase inhibitor, tautomycin induces blebs on the surface of human myeloid leukemia K562 cells within 10 min. In this paper we examined the cytoskeleton of tautomycin-treated cells. In the presence of tautomycin, cells with blebs turned into segmented forms with smooth surfaces after 15 min and into smooth round shapes without(More)
Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I and a clinically isolated coagulase-negative Staphylococcus strain, S. saprophyticus 10312, were found to have two fibronectin binding proteins, FnBPA and FnBPB. While both staphylococci bound to serum fibronectin to a similar extent, fibronectin binding significantly increased the phagocytic activity of macrophages against S.(More)
We previously showed that a relatively high dose of LPS induced the selective translocation of protein kinase C-beta (PKC-beta) in LPS-responsive mouse macrophages. This result suggested that phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PLC) might be activated in the upstream of PKC-beta. Stimulation of C3H/HeN mouse macrophages by LPS induced the(More)
Neutrophils play a crucial role in the host response to infection with Staphylococcus aureus, which is a major human pathogen capable of causing life-threatening disease. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent chemoattractant and activator of neutrophils. We previously reported that S. aureus secretes a factor that suppresses IL-8 production by human endothelial(More)