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BACKGROUND We previously reported that, in a randomized trial, carotid stenting with the use of an emboli-protection device is not inferior to carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid artery disease at 30 days and at 1 year. We now report the 3-year results. METHODS The trial evaluated carotid artery stenting with the use of an(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to develop and validate a tool for predicting risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND CIN is a common complication of PCI and is associated with adverse short- and long-term outcomes. Previously described risk scores for(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, outcomes, and predictors of mortality of retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH) following percutaneous coronary intervention. BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal hematoma is a serious complication of invasive cardiovascular procedures. METHODS The study sample included 112,340 consecutive patients(More)
We determined the prevalence and clinical predictors of aspirin resistance by prospectively studying 325 patients with stable cardiovascular disease who were receiving aspirin (325 mg/day for > or =7 days) but no other antiplatelet agents. We also compared the detection of aspirin resistance with optical platelet aggregation, a widely accepted method, with(More)
BACKGROUND Contrast-induced nephropathy is the leading cause of in-hospital acute renal failure. This side effect of contrast agents leads to increased morbidity, mortality, and health costs. Ensuring adequate hydration prior to contrast exposure is highly effective at preventing this complication, although the optimal hydration strategy to prevent(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials comparing thrombectomy devices with conventional percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have produced conflicting results. The objective of our study was to systematically evaluate currently available data comparing thrombectomy followed by PCI with conventional(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal hydration strategy for prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unknown. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare the effectiveness of normal saline (NS) versus sodium bicarbonate hydration (NaHCO(3)) for prevention of contrast-induced AKI. METHODS We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled(More)
BACKGROUND The traditional definition of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has been an absolute rise of serum creatinine (Cr) of ≥0.5 mg/dL, although most recent clinical trials have included a ≥25% increase from baseline Cr. The clinical implication of this definition change remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared the association of the two(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between calculated creatinine clearance (CCC)-based contrast dose and renal complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). BACKGROUND Excess volumes of contrast media are associated with renal complications in patients undergoing cardiac procedures. Because(More)
Renal failure is a marker of poor outcome in the general population. Renal failure after percutaneous coronary artery intervention (PCI) is associated with an increased hazard of in-hospital mortality. We hypothesized that post-PCI renal insufficiency would be a predictor of long-term mortality in patients undergoing PCI who survive for over 30 days after(More)