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PURPOSE To investigate antigen (Ag) specificity, activation, and effector function of the Ag-specific T cells involved in the development of experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC), an experimental conjunctivitis. METHODS EC was induced in Brown Norway rats by injection of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T cells followed by OVA challenge with(More)
Blood flow participates in vascular remodeling during development and growth by regulating cell apoptosis and proliferation. However, its significance in the development of vascular hypertrophy and vascular remodeling in hypertensive patients is not known. We investigated how changing blood flow through the common carotid artery (CA) of young adult rats(More)
The 4-1BB receptor acts as a costimulator in CD8(+) T cell activation. Agonistic stimulation through this molecule by treatment with anti-4-1BB Abs has been demonstrated to inhibit various experimentally induced diseases in animals. However, the effect of anti-4-1BB Abs on experimental allergic diseases has not been reported. We investigated the effect of(More)
Macrophages infiltrate the conjunctiva in severe cases of allergic conjunctivitis (AC) such as atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). We established experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC) in Brown Norway (BN) rats as a model for severe types of AC. We investigated whether macrophage infiltration in the conjunctiva in this EC model is inhibited(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the roles of interaction between OX40 and OX40 ligand (OX40L) in the development of experimental allergic conjunctivitis (EC) in mice. METHODS BALB/c mice actively immunized with short ragweed pollen (RW) were intraperitoneally injected on days 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 with agonistic anti-OX40 Ab, blocking anti-OX40L Ab, or normal rat(More)
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