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Vascular calcification is a common finding in atherosclerosis and a serious problem in diabetic and uremic patients. Because of the correlation of hyperphosphatemia and vascular calcification, the ability of extracellular inorganic phosphate levels to regulate human aortic smooth muscle cell (HSMC) culture mineralization in vitro was examined. HSMCs(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, is induced in brain blood vessels by pyrogens, and its essential role in fever has been hypothesized. In this study, we determined (1) the type of cells that express cyclooxygenase-2 in brain blood vessels of lipopolysaccharide-treated rats, and (2) the precise relationship(More)
The core binding factor (CBF) heterodimeric transcription factors comprised of AML/CBFA/PEBP2alpha/Runx and CBFbeta/PEBP2beta subunits are essential for differentiation of hematopoietic and bone cells, and their mutation is intimately related to the development of acute leukemias and cleidocranial dysplasia. Here, we present the crystal structures of the(More)
c-Myb, but not avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) v-Myb, cooperates with C/EBP beta to regulate transcription of myeloid-specific genes. To assess the structural basis for that difference, we determined the crystal structures of complexes comprised of the c-Myb or AMV v-Myb DNA-binding domain (DBD), the C/EBP beta DBD, and a promoter DNA fragment. Within the(More)
Vascular calcification is often associated with atherosclerotic lesions. Moreover, the process of atherosclerotic calcification has several features similar to the mineralization of skeletal tissue. Therefore, we hypothesized that vascular smooth muscle cells might acquire osteoblastic characteristics during the development of atherosclerotic lesions. In(More)
Recently, in the course of our search for the prostacyclin receptor in the brain, we found a novel subtype, designated as IP2, which was finely discriminated by use of the specific ligand (15R)-16-m-tolyl-17,18,19,20-tetranorisocarbacyclin (15R-TIC) and specifically localized in the rostral part of the brain. In the present study, the tritiated compound(More)
Ca2(+)-sensitive 85,000 mol. wt cytosolic phospholipase A2 plays an essential role in the selective and stimulus-dependent release of arachidonic acid from membrane phospholipids. Cytosolic phospholipase A2-catalysed lipid mediators including arachidonic acid and its metabolites have been suggested to be involved in a variety of neuronal functions in the(More)
Excitatory amino acid (EAA) neurotransmitters induce postsynaptic depolarization by activating receptor-mediated cation conductances, a process known to underlie changes in synaptic efficacy. Using a patch-clamp method, we demonstrate here an EAA-dependent postsynaptic anion conductance mediated by EAA transporters present on cerebellar Purkinje cell bodies(More)
Reversible manipulation of local neurotransmission in brain areas, using controlled spatial and temporal resolution, is one of the powerful techniques used to investigate integrative aspects of brain function. We have developed a novel technique for rapidly inactivating local synaptic transmission, from outside the brain, within seconds or minutes via(More)
1 Kanagawa Academy of Science and tion assays, and atomic force microscopy confirmed that the interaction of c-Myb and C/EBP␤ observed in Technology (KAST) 3-9 Fukuura crystal mimics their long range interaction on the promoter , which is accompanied by intervening DNA Kanazawa-ku Yokohama 236-0004 looping. Japan Japan the DNA into sufficiently close(More)