Hisayuki Komaki

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A novel tricyclic metabolite, brasilicardin A (1), with potent immunosuppressive activity has been isolated from the cultured broth of the actinomycete Nocardia brasiliensis IFM 0406, and the structure including absolute stereochemistry was established on the basis of spectroscopic data, chemical means, and X-ray analysis. Brasilicardin A (1) is the first(More)
Terrestrial actinobacteria have served as a primary source of bioactive compounds; however, a rapid decrease in the discovery of new compounds strongly necessitates new investigational approaches. One approach is the screening of actinobacteria from marine habitats, especially the members of the genus Streptomyces. Presence of this genus in a marine sponge,(More)
Streptomyces sp. TP-A0871 produces the polyene macrolactam heronamide C. Here, we report its draft genome sequence to get insight into heronamide biosynthesis and genome-mining for novel secondary metabolites of polyketide and nonribosomal peptide classes. The genome encodes over nine orphan gene clusters for polyketide and/or nonribosomal peptide syntheses.
Sequence analysis of ketosynthase domain amplicons from Streptomyces bicolor NBRC 12746T revealed the presence of previously unreported type I polyketide synthases (PKS-I) genes. The clustering of these genes with the reference PKS-1 sequences suggested the possibility to produce a polyene compound similar to pimaricin. Thus, the cultured sample from NBRC(More)
Here we report the draft genome sequence of Nocardiopsis sp. strain TP-A0876, isolated from marine sediment, which produces polyketide-derived pyrones called nocapyrones. The genome contains three polyketide synthase (PKS) gene clusters, one of which was proposed to be responsible for nocapyrone biosynthesis. This genome sequence will facilitate the study(More)
In the course of our screening program for novel metabolites from tunicate-derived fungi, novel sesquiterpenoids, named JBIR-27 (1) and -28 (2), together with known sporogen-AO1 and phomenone, were isolated from the culture broth of Penicillium sp. SS080624SCf1. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined to be eremophilane analogs on the basis of extensive(More)
A novel tricyclic diterpenoid antibiotic, brasilicardin A, was isolated from the culture broth of Nocardia brasiliensis IFM 0406. The antibiotic exhibited immunosuppressive activity in a mouse mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) assay system and its IC50 value was 0.057 microg/ml. Although the inhibitory activity of cyclosporin A (CyA) against IL-2 production(More)
The taxonomic distribution of Streptomyces species capable of producing bioactive compounds was investigated. Nine hundred and six strains were tested for the following four biological activities: antimicrobial, anti-tyrosinase, antioxidant, and hemolytic. Approximately 30% of strains tested showed antimicrobial activities, except for anti-Escherichia coli(More)
Mycolic acid-containing bacteria inactivate rifampicin in a variety of ways such as glucosylation, ribosylation, phosphorylation and decolorization. These inactivations were found to be a species-specific phenomena in Nocardia and related taxa. Gordona, Tsukamurella and fast-growing Mycobacterium modified rifampicin by ribosylation of the 23-OH group of the(More)
A new siderophore named albachelin was isolated from iron deficient culture of Amycolatopsis alba. The planar structure of albachelin was elucidated by the combination of ESI–MS/MS experiment and NMR spectroscopic analyses of the gallium (III) complex. The structure of albachelin was determined to be a linear peptide consisting of 6 mol of amino acids(More)