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Tomohisa Seki,1,7 Shinsuke Yuasa,1,2,7 Mayumi Oda,2 Toru Egashira,1 Kojiro Yae,1 Dai Kusumoto,1 Hikari Nakata,1 Shugo Tohyama,1 Hisayuki Hashimoto,1 Masaki Kodaira,1 Yohei Okada,2,3 Hiroyuki Seimiya,4 Noemi Fusaki,5,6 Mamoru Hasegawa,5 and Keiichi Fukuda1,* 1Department of Cardiology 2Center for Integrated Medical Research 3Department of Physiology Keio(More)
Fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed into cardiomyocyte-like cells (iCMs) by overexpression of cardiac transcription factors or microRNAs. However, induction of functional cardiomyocytes is inefficient, and molecular mechanisms of direct reprogramming remain undefined. Here, we demonstrate that addition of miR-133a (miR-133) to Gata4, Mef2c, and Tbx5(More)
Heart disease remains a major cause of death despite advances in medical technology. Heart-regenerative therapy that uses pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) is a potentially promising strategy for patients with heart disease, but the inability to generate highly purified cardiomyocytes in sufficient quantities has been a barrier to realizing this potential.(More)
AIMS Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inheritable and life-threatening disease; however, it is often difficult to determine disease characteristics in sporadic cases with novel mutations, and more precise analysis is necessary for the successful development of evidence-based clinical therapies. This study thus sought to better characterize ion channel cardiac(More)
Analysis of the flow of light information in Paramecium, especially the participation of GTP-binding protein, was carried out. Injection of GDP-beta-S into Paramecium cell abolished the light-induced inward current. The partially purified rhodopsin-like protein (RLP) that we obtained activated frog rod outer segments (ROS) GTPase. A GTP-binding protein,(More)
We previously reported a cytosolic pyruvate kinase (EC 2.7.1.40) from Toxoplasma gondii (TgPyKI) that differs from most eukaryotic pyruvate kinases in being regulated by glucose 6-phosphate rather than fructose 1,6-diphosphate. Another putative pyruvate kinase (TgPyKII) was identified from parasite genome, which exhibits 32% amino acid sequence identity to(More)
Mitochondrial diseases are heterogeneous disorders, caused by mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondria are not regulated solely by nuclear genomic DNA but by mitochondrial DNA. It is difficult to develop effective therapies for mitochondrial disease because of the lack of mitochondrial disease models. Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalomyopathy, lactic(More)
RATIONALE The transcriptional networks guiding heart development remain poorly understood, despite the identification of several essential cardiac transcription factors. OBJECTIVE To isolate novel cardiac transcription factors, we performed gene chip analysis and found that Zac1, a zinc finger-type transcription factor, was strongly expressed in the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role during embryonic development and are required for proper organogenesis, including hematopoiesis. Recent studies suggest that, in the early mesoderm, there is an interaction between the hematopoietic and cardiac lineages. However, whether miRNAs can affect other lineages remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated(More)
SCN5A is abundant in heart and has a major role in INa. Loss-of-function mutation in SCN5A results in Brugada syndrome (BrS), which causes sudden death in adults. It remains unclear why disease phenotype does not manifest in the young even though mutated SCN5A is expressed in the young. The aim of the present study is to elucidate the timing of the disease(More)