Hisayo Sameshima

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As the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis often includes platelet thrombus formation (PTF), antiplatelet agents are commonly used for the prevention of thromboembolic events. Here, using a novel microchip flow-chamber system we developed to quantitatively analyze the PTF process, we evaluated the pharmacological efficacies of antiplatelet agents under(More)
High mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), primarily from the nucleus, is released into the extracellular milieu either passively from necrotic cells or actively through secretion by monocytes/macrophages. Extracellular HMGB1 acts as a potent inflammatory agent by promoting the release of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, has procoagulant(More)
High residual platelet aggregability and circulating platelet-monocyte aggregates in patients administered aspirin and clopidogrel are associated with ischaemic vascular events. To determine the relevance of these factors with residual thrombogenicity, we measured platelet thrombus formation using a microchip-based flow-chamber system in cardiac patients(More)
Estimation of the postmortem interval (PMI) is one of the most important tasks in forensic medicine. Numerous methods have been proposed for the determination of the time since death by chemical means. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a nonhistone DNA-binding protein is released by eukaryotic cells upon necrosis. Postmortem serum levels of HMGB1 of 90(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone nuclear protein which is released from the nucleus of activated macrophages into the extracellular space in response to stimuli such as endotoxin or necrosis. The HMGB1 functions as a potent proinflammatory cytokine in the extracellular spaces. Recently, HMGB1 has been implicated in the progression of(More)
Dabigatran and rivaroxaban are novel oral anticoagulants that specifically inhibit thrombin and factor Xa, respectively. The aim of this study is to elucidate antithrombotic properties of these anticoagulant agents under arterial and venous shear conditions. Whole blood samples treated with dabigatran or rivaroxaban at 250, 500, and 1000 nM, with/without(More)
High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a non-histone DNA-binding protein, is massively released into the extracellular space from neuronal cells after ischemic insult and exacerbates brain tissue damage in rats. Minocycline is a semisynthetic second-generation tetracycline antibiotic which has recently been shown to be a promising neuroprotective agent. In this(More)
NPM is a major nucleolar multifunctional protein involved in ribosome biogenesis, centrosome duplication, cell-cycle progression, apoptosis, cell differentiation, and sensing cellular stress. Alarmins are endogenous molecules released from activated cells and/or dying cells, which activate the immune system and cause severe damage to cells and tissue(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates macrophages by activating NF-kappaB, which contributes to the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6. 1,5-Anhydro-D-fructose (1,5-AF), a monosaccharide formed from starch and glycogen, exhibits anti-oxidant activity and enhances insulin secretion. This study examined the effects of 1,5-AF on(More)
The combination of alteplase, a recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, and edaravone, an antioxidant, reportedly enhances recanalization after acute ischemic stroke. We examined the influence of edaravone on the thrombolytic efficacy of alteplase by measuring thrombolysis using a newly developed microchip-based flow-chamber assay. Rat models of embolic(More)