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Background. Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) may contribute to functional recovery after stroke. This study was designed to clarify their mechanisms, trophic effects of neurotrophic factors, and neural differentiation. Methods. Mouse neurons exposed to glutamate were cocultured with mouse BMSCs. Either neutralizing antibodies against(More)
This study was aimed to clarify if the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) significantly improve functional outcome after lacunar stroke when stereotactically transplanted into the brain. Ouabain, a Na/K ATPase pump inhibitor, was stereotactically injected into the right striatum of Wistar rats. One week later, the superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled(More)
Autologous human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) should be expanded in the animal serum-free condition within clinically relevant periods in order to secure safe and effective cell therapy for ischemic stroke. This study was aimed to assess whether the hBMSCs enhance their proliferation capacity and provide beneficial effect in the infarct brain when(More)
OBJECTIVE Isolated accessory nerve palsy due to intracranial disorders is uncommon because intracranial accessory nerve injury usually occurs in case of a skull base tumor or trauma, resulting in one of multiple cranial nerve palsies. We report a very rare case of isolated accessory nerve palsy due to a large thrombosed aneurysm of the intracranial(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are commonly employed to treat patients with hydrocephalus. A large number of papers have been published focusing on complications and failures of CSF shunts. However, there appears to be a paucity of knowledge comprehensively covering both common complications and rare ones. In this systematic review, we surveyed articles(More)
Isolated abducens nerve palsies associated with the rupture of intracranial aneurysms have rarely been reported. We report two cases of isolated bilateral abducens nerve palsies occurring after subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. Case 1: A 49-year-old woman had bilateral abducens nerve palsies following subarachnoid(More)
Perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is usually located on the surface of the spinal cord and is fed by the anterior spinal artery and/or the posterior spinal artery. We report a rare case of Conus perimedullary AVF with multiple shunt points including the cauda equina. A 68-year-old man presented with leg pain when walking long distances. Magnetic(More)
We found a tandem repeat sequence in the region (designated BS7) in which restriction fragments BamHI D and SalI B overlap each other, near the centre of the unique long sequence (UL) of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain F genome. The SmaI physical map of BS7 was constructed, and the position of a heterogeneous SmaI subfragment from HSV-1(More)
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