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STUDY DESIGN This study examined the effect of lumbar nerve root compression on nociceptive neuropeptides in the axonal flow using an in vivo model. OBJECTIVES The aim was to investigate changes in axonal flow after nerve root compression by using immunohistochemical techniques to detect substance P (SP) and somatostatin (SOM), which is thought to be(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate changes in axonal flow after nerve root compression by using immunohistochemical techniques to detect calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), which is thought to be involved in pain sensation. DESIGN Experimental, controlled study. SETTING University medical school in Japan. ANIMALS Forty adult mongrel dogs (weight, 7-15kg).(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent years, percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) has become a routine surgical procedure because it can be performed under local anesthesia and is minimally invasive. However, there is a risk of nerve root and endplate injury owing to heat generated by laser irradiation during PLDD. We recently performed salvage surgery on a patient(More)
We document serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and [(18)F] 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) findings in the process of improvement from delayed radiation necrosis of the spinal cord. A 61-year-old woman underwent radiotherapy for an oral carcinoma. Forty-six months later she developed a left-sided Brown-Séquard syndrome,(More)
OBJECT So far, the morphological features of the vascular system supplying the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) have been inferred only from microangiograms. However, in the past most of these studies lacked 3D observations. This study presents the details of the microvasculature of the lumbar DRG visualized by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion(More)
PURPOSE (18)F-FDG PET is used to investigate the metabolic activity of neural tissue. MRI is used to visualize morphological changes, but the relationship between intramedullary signal changes and clinical outcome remains controversial. The present study was designed to evaluate the use of 3-D MRI/(18)F-FDG PET fusion imaging for defining intramedullary(More)
INTRODUCTION Cervical compressive myelopathy is the most serious complication of cervical spondylosis or ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and the most frequent cause of spinal cord dysfunction. There is little information on the exact pathophysiological mechanism responsible for the progressive loss of neural tissue in the spinal(More)
Recent in vivo and in vitro studies in non-neuronal and neuronal tissues have shown that different pathways of macrophage activation result in cells with different properties. Interleukin (IL)-6 triggers the classically activated inflammatory macrophages (M1 phenotype), whereas the alternatively activated macrophages (M2 phenotype) are anti-inflammatory.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from bone marrow can potentially reduce the acute inflammatory response in spinal cord injury (SCI) and thus promote functional recovery. However, the precise mechanisms through which transplanted MSC attenuate inflammation after SCI are still unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of MSC(More)
OBJECT The dorsal root ganglion (DRG) should not be overlooked when considering the mechanism of low-back pain and sciatica, so it is important to understand the morphological features of the vascular system supplying the DRG. However, the neurogenic control of intraganglionic blood flow has received little attention in the past. The authors used an(More)