Hisatomo Kowa

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Mutations in alpha-synuclein gene cause familial form of Parkinson disease, and deposition of wild-type alpha-synuclein as Lewy bodies occurs as a hallmark lesion of sporadic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, implicating alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and related neurodegenerative diseases. Dopamine neurons in(More)
In both trisomy 21 and rare cases of triplication of amyloid precursor protein (APP) Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological changes are believed to be secondary to increased expression of APP. We hypothesized that sporadic AD may also be associated with changes in transcription of APP or its metabolic partners. To address this issue, temporal neocortex of 27(More)
We report a Japanese woman diagnosed as aceruloplasminemia showing characteristic symptoms. Mutational analysis of CP gene revealed a novel homozygous mutation in exon 18, resulting in prematurely truncated W1017X protein. In vitro study showed that W1017X mutant ceruloplasmin was deficient in endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi trafficking and was not secreted(More)
Collagenous Alzheimer amyloid plaque component (CLAC) is a unique non-Abeta amyloid component of senile plaques (SP) derived from a transmembrane collagen termed CLAC-precursor. Here we characterize the chronological and spatial relationship of CLAC with other features of SP amyloid in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), Down syndrome(More)
The beta-amyloid (Abeta) precursor protein (APP) is cleaved sequentially by beta-site of APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE) and gamma-secretase to release the Abeta peptides that accumulate in plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). GGA1, a member of the Golgi-localized gamma-ear-containing ARF-binding (GGA) protein family, interacts with BACE and influences its(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS-1) mutations are associated with familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques in brain tissue are characteristic of AD patients, space occupying "cotton-wool" plaques (CWPs) lacking dense Abeta cores have also been described in patients with mutations in exon 9 of the PS-1 gene. The composition of CWPs has not(More)
We herein present two cases of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) following vaccination against human papilloma virus (HPV). Case 1 experienced diplopia and developed an unstable gait 14 days after a second vaccination of Cervarix. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an isolated small, demyelinating lesion in the pontine tegmentum. Case 2(More)
The patient was a 46-year-old woman having a history of multiple sclerosis (MS) for 14 years. She had been treated with interferon β-1b since 2001, but discontinued because of psychiatric problems in 2006. Thereafter relapses were observed 1-2 times a year, and EDSS became 2.5 to 6.5. In April 2012, relapse of MS was noticed and the patient received(More)
A 76-year-old female was referred to our department because of diplopia for two months and intermittent claudication for five months. She showed medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) syndrome. Brain MRI (T2WI) showed multiple infarctions in the right pontine tegmentum and left paramedian midbrain. A biopsy of superficial temporal artery showed the(More)