Hisatomo Kowa

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Mutations in alpha-synuclein gene cause familial form of Parkinson disease, and deposition of wild-type alpha-synuclein as Lewy bodies occurs as a hallmark lesion of sporadic Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, implicating alpha-synuclein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and related neurodegenerative diseases. Dopamine neurons in(More)
In both trisomy 21 and rare cases of triplication of amyloid precursor protein (APP) Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathological changes are believed to be secondary to increased expression of APP. We hypothesized that sporadic AD may also be associated with changes in transcription of APP or its metabolic partners. To address this issue, temporal neocortex of 27(More)
We raised monoclonal antibodies against senile plaque (SP) amyloid and obtained a clone 9D2, which labeled amyloid fibrils in SPs and reacted with approximately 50/100 kDa polypeptides in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We purified the 9D2 antigens and cloned a cDNA encoding its precursor, which was a novel type II transmembrane protein specifically(More)
The beta-amyloid (Abeta) precursor protein (APP) is cleaved sequentially by beta-site of APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE) and gamma-secretase to release the Abeta peptides that accumulate in plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). GGA1, a member of the Golgi-localized gamma-ear-containing ARF-binding (GGA) protein family, interacts with BACE and influences its(More)
Expansion of polyglutamine (pQ) chain by expanded CAG repeat causes dominantly inherited neurodegeneration such as Huntington disease, dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA), and numbers of other spinocerebellar ataxias. Expanded pQ disrupts the stability of the pQ-harboring protein and increases its susceptibility to aggregation. Aggregated pQ(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS-1) mutations are associated with familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques in brain tissue are characteristic of AD patients, space occupying "cotton-wool" plaques (CWPs) lacking dense Abeta cores have also been described in patients with mutations in exon 9 of the PS-1 gene. The composition of CWPs has not(More)
We report a 40-year-old man with severe hypokinesis as paraneoplastic manifestation of a microscopic "carcinoma in situ" of the testis. The young age of the patient, along with progressive neurologic deterioration, detection of anti-Ma2 antibodies, and ultrasound findings of bilateral microcalcifications, led to bilateral orchiectomy, revealing the tumor in(More)
Collagenous Alzheimer amyloid plaque component (CLAC) is a unique non-Abeta amyloid component of senile plaques (SP) derived from a transmembrane collagen termed CLAC-precursor. Here we characterize the chronological and spatial relationship of CLAC with other features of SP amyloid in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), Down syndrome(More)
Leukoencephalopathy with vanishing white matter (VWM) is a type of leukoencephalopathy with autosomal recessive inheritance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals diffuse leukoencephalopathy with lesions having cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-like signals. The clinical presentations include progressive cerebellar ataxia, spasticity, and mental decline. The(More)
We report a Japanese woman diagnosed as aceruloplasminemia showing characteristic symptoms. Mutational analysis of CP gene revealed a novel homozygous mutation in exon 18, resulting in prematurely truncated W1017X protein. In vitro study showed that W1017X mutant ceruloplasmin was deficient in endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi trafficking and was not secreted(More)