Hisashi Yoshioka

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Tea catechins, which are flavonoids and the main components of green tea extracts, are thought to have antibacterial and antioxidant activity. Several studies indicate that lipid membranes are one of the targets of the antibacterial activity of catechins. Studies using a suspension of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) indicate that catechin causes gradual(More)
To characterize the role of nitric oxide (NO) in stroke, NO was measured using an in vivo microdialysis technique and electron spin resonance spectrometry in malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP), stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The brain dialysate NO level was higher(More)
The DNA strand scission induced by Fe(II) in a citrate buffer solution and the effect of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) were kinetically analyzed. The rate of consumption of dissolved oxygen by Fe(II) in each of these solutions was measured and paralleled that DNA scission. Coordinated EGCg accelerated these reactions. Curves of the time-course(More)
Single mitochondria show the spontaneous fluctuations of DeltaPsim. In this study, to examine the mechanism of the fluctuations, we observed DeltaPsim in single isolated heart mitochondria using time-resolved fluorescence microscopy. Addition of malate, succinate, or ascorbate plus TMPD to mitochondria induced polarization of the inner membrane followed by(More)
Chitosan, a biodegradable and biocompatible polysaccharide, is a potentially useful material in various fields. We developed a simple chitosan sheet and examined the possibility of using an adriamycin-containing chitosan sheet as a drug carrier for controlled release. To prepare a carrier consisting only of chitosan, a chitosan suspension was subjected to(More)
Among food allergens, crustacea such as shrimps, crabs, and lobsters are a frequent cause of adverse food reactions in allergic patients. The major allergen has been identified as a muscular protein, tropomyosin. A novel sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection and quantification of crustacean protein in processed foods was(More)
The interaction of (+)-catechin with a lipid bilayer was examined by the spin probe method. The spin probe, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO), was dissolved in an aqueous dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) dispersion containing (+)-catechin. The temperature dependence of the TEMPO parameter was measured. The increase of this parameter due to(More)
ESR spectrum of the short-lived radicals derived from 2-deoxy-D-ribose by the reaction with the hydroxyl radical (HO*) was measured using a rapid flow method. A dielectric mixing resonator was used for the measurement, which made it possible to measure the highly sensitive ESR spectra of the radicals with a lifetime of the order of milliseconds. A complex(More)
Mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi(m)) plays an important role in cellular activity. Although delta psi(m) of intracellular mitochondria are relatively stable, the recent experiments with isolated mitochondria demonstrate that individual mitochondria show frequent fluctuations of delta psi(m). The current study is performed to investigate the(More)
We have previously suggested that the spin trap agent, N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone (PBN) can function not only as an antioxidant but also as a nitric oxide (NO) donor. To characterize the pharmacological activities of PBN against oxidative damage, we examined the effect of PBN on NO generation under hyperoxic conditions. The formation of NO in mice(More)