Hisashi Yoshioka

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Tea catechins, which are flavonoids and the main components of green tea extracts, are thought to have antibacterial and antioxidant activity. Several studies indicate that lipid membranes are one of the targets of the antibacterial activity of catechins. Studies using a suspension of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) indicate that catechin causes gradual(More)
To characterize the role of nitric oxide (NO) in stroke, NO was measured using an in vivo microdialysis technique and electron spin resonance spectrometry in malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP), stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The brain dialysate NO level was higher(More)
The DNA strand scission induced by Fe(II) in a citrate buffer solution and the effect of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) were kinetically analyzed. The rate of consumption of dissolved oxygen by Fe(II) in each of these solutions was measured and paralleled that DNA scission. Coordinated EGCg accelerated these reactions. Curves of the time-course(More)
Application ofN 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and gibberellin (GA3) to a grafted Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc.) clone promoted flowering. BAP (250 mg/l) was sprayed five times to the top of branches in July or September 1992. GA3 (100 or 500 mg/l) was applied five times to the whole plants by spray treatment during the above period, or GA3(More)
Single mitochondria show the spontaneous fluctuations of DeltaPsim. In this study, to examine the mechanism of the fluctuations, we observed DeltaPsim in single isolated heart mitochondria using time-resolved fluorescence microscopy. Addition of malate, succinate, or ascorbate plus TMPD to mitochondria induced polarization of the inner membrane followed by(More)
Bisphenol A (4,4'isopropylidenediphenol: BPA), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, is contained in food-packaging and can-coating agents as well as in dental sealants. Nitrite is present in vegetables, fish and tap water as an ingredient or contaminant, and also in human saliva. Here, we explored the possible generation of genotoxicity from the reactions of(More)
Mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi(m)) plays an important role in cellular activity. Although delta psi(m) of intracellular mitochondria are relatively stable, the recent experiments with isolated mitochondria demonstrate that individual mitochondria show frequent fluctuations of delta psi(m). The current study is performed to investigate the(More)
Chitosan-derived polymer surfactants, sulfated N-acyl-chitosan (S-Cn-Chitosan), were synthesized and compared with commonly used low-molecular-weight surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), dodecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (DTAC), and octaethyleneglycol mono n-dodecyl ether (BL8SY), in their interaction with a lipid membrane using a spin probe method.(More)
Chitosan, a biodegradable and biocompatible polysaccharide, is a potentially useful material in various fields. We developed a simple chitosan sheet and examined the possibility of using an adriamycin-containing chitosan sheet as a drug carrier for controlled release. To prepare a carrier consisting only of chitosan, a chitosan suspension was subjected to(More)
Among food allergens, crustacea such as shrimps, crabs, and lobsters are a frequent cause of adverse food reactions in allergic patients. The major allergen has been identified as a muscular protein, tropomyosin. A novel sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection and quantification of crustacean protein in processed foods was(More)