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BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS) play a crucial role in determining end-use quality of common wheat by influencing the viscoelastic properties of dough. Four different methods - sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE, IEF x SDS-PAGE), matrix-assisted laser(More)
Influenza A virus is a major human and animal pathogen with the potential to cause catastrophic loss of life. The virus reproduces rapidly, mutates frequently and occasionally crosses species barriers. The recent emergence in Asia of avian influenza related to highly pathogenic forms of the human virus has highlighted the urgent need for new effective(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a widespread Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen, and a methicillin-resistant form (MRSA) is particularly difficult to treat clinically. We have solved two crystal structures of penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 3 (PBP3) from MRSA, the apo form and a complex with the β-lactam antibiotic cefotaxime, and used electrospray mass(More)
We investigated the effects of purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on vascular endothelial function and free fatty acid composition in Japanese hyperlipidemic subjects. In subjects with hyperlipidemia (total cholesterol ≥220 mg/dL and/or triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL), lipid profile and forearm blood flow (FBF) during reactive hyperemia were determined before(More)
The pre-mRNA splicing reaction of eukaryotic cells has to be carried out extremely accurately, as failure to recognize the splice sites correctly causes serious disease. The small subunit of the U2AF heterodimer is essential for the determination of 3' splice sites in pre-mRNA splicing, and several single-residue mutations of the U2AF small subunit cause(More)
In this study, we proposed an objective estimation of decline of arousal level by analyzing microsaccade rate and pupil fluctuation while subjects were continuously gazing a fixation target. Previous studies show that the slow eye movements (SEMs) could be a candidate for an indicator of decline of arousal. However, it is not sufficient to evaluate(More)
The obesity epidemic is a global public health concern that increases the likelihood of morbidity and mortality of metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and threatens to reduce life expectancy around the world. The concept of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) takes into account that visceral fat plays an essential role in the development of metabolic and(More)
This research aims to grasp and describe what Requirements Engineering(RE) covers, what RE tries to solve and what should RE be in the future. For these purposes, the authors did the literature survey and interviews with the authorities of RE and practitioners. The literature survey targeted over 700 papers and reports published from 2001 to 2005 in major(More)
We developed a rapid and simple method for rRNA-based quantitative detection of a specific group of microorganisms in complex ecosystems. The method relies on the sequence-specific scission of 16S rRNA with ribonuclease H (RNase H) and oligonucleotides that specifically hybridize with targeted rRNA molecules. RNAs from a complex community were first mixed(More)
It is well known that a decline of arousal level causes of poor performance of movements or judgments. Our previous study indicates that microsaccade (MS) rates and pupil fluctuations change before slow eye movements (SEMs) (Honda et al. 2013). However, SEM detection of this study was obscure and insufficient. In this study, we propose a new SEM detection(More)