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We performed a randomized, controlled study comparing the prophylactic effects of capsule forms of fluconazole (n = 110) and itraconazole (n = 108) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) during and after chemotherapy. There were 4 cases with possible systemic fungal infection in the itraconazole group, and there(More)
Dasatinib is one of the key treatment options for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Increase in lymphocyte counts has been known to be predictive of a good treatment response under dasatinib treatment as a second line therapy. However, clinical significance of lymphocyte dynamics in the upfront setting has yet to be clarified. To investigate the(More)
To investigate the factors that affect molecular responses on dasatinib treatment in patients with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP), we performed a clinical trial named the "D-First study." Fifty-two patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP were enrolled in this study and received 100 mg dasatinib once daily. A deep molecular response (DMR) was(More)
The activation of antitumor cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) depends on how efficiently the relevant tumor antigen peptides are delivered into the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I presentation pathway in antigen presenting cells (APCs). An elegant approach to promote the peptide-MHC class I association has been described for enhanced peptide(More)
BACKGROUND First-line imatinib treatment can be successfully discontinued in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia after deep molecular response has been sustained for at least 2 years. We investigated the safety and efficacy of discontinuing second-line or subsequent dasatinib after at least 1 year of deep molecular response. METHODS The Dasatinib(More)
Lymphocytosis in response to dasatinib for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) may be associated with favorable response. However, it occurs at varying times and in a limited subset of patients. To identify early clinical markers for favorable responses applicable to all patients with or without lymphocytosis, we prospectively analyzed lymphocyte profiles of(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) has been widely used for molecular monitoring for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Currently, RQ-PCR is not based on the concept of international scale (IS) in Japan; mainly because none of the domestic laboratories have obtained their own conversion factor (CF) which makes it(More)