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The purpose of our study was to visualize the hyaline cartilage of the femoral head and to evaluate the distribution of the thickness by three-dimensional reconstruction of MRI data. The MRI was performed in 10 normal volunteers, 1 patient with osteonecrosis and 4 with advanced osteoarthritis. A fast 3D spoiled gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady(More)
A noninvasive technique for assessing tumor tissue characteristics is required to assist preoperative surgical planning for malignant brain tumors. Preoperative information on tumor cell density within a tumor would help better define the target for tumor biopsy, resulting in more accurate diagnosis and grading of malignant brain tumors. One possible source(More)
Previous studies suggest that gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons appear in the olfactory placode and subsequently migrate into the brain during embryonic development. The aim of the present study was to obtain direct evidence for migration of GnRH neurons from the olfactory placode into the brain. Olfactory placodes from quail embryos were(More)
Isthmic afferent neurons were investigated by the retrograde horseradish peroxidase (HRP) method in a teleost, Navodon modestus. Following HRP injections into the nucleus isthmi, large pyriform neurons are labeled in the ipsilateral optic tectum. Very large and multipolar neurons are also labeled in the ipsilateral nucleus pretectalis. No labeled neurons(More)
Measuring the thickness of sheet-like thin anatomical structures, such as articular cartilage and brain cortex, in three-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance (MR) images is an important diagnostic procedure. This paper investigates the fundamental limits on the accuracy of thickness determination in MR images. We defined thickness here as the distance(More)
In the context of quantitative functional MRI (fMRI), deoxyhemoglobin (dHb) content is the essential physiological parameter for calibrating the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal. In studies on humans, the baseline dHb content or its equivalent has been evaluated indirectly by means of carbon dioxide breathing as a physiological reference(More)
Multimodal imaging is one of the necessary steps in the treatment of malignant brain tumors, and use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) are the current gold standard technique for the morphological and biological assessment of malignant brain tumors. In addition, fractional anisotropy (FA) obtained from diffusion(More)
To determine the amount of iron deposits in the basal ganglia, we examined 13 healthy volunteers with a 1.5 T MRI system using three transverse relaxation rates measured with two sequences. The transverse relaxation rates comprise the reversible contribution (R2') and irreversible contribution (R2) to a phase-reversal 180 degrees -pulse sequence. The(More)
Copy number variations (CNVs) represent a large source of genetic variation in humans and have been increasingly studied for disease association. A deletion polymorphism of the gene encoding the cytosolic detoxification enzyme glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) has been extensively studied for cancer susceptibility (919 studies, from HuGE navigator,(More)