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A dispersion model developed in Chromatographic theory is applied to the analysis of the elution profile in the liver perfusion system of experimental animals. The equation for the dispersion model with the linear nonequilibrium partition between the perfusate and an organ tissue is derived in the Laplace-transformed form, and the fast inverse Laplace(More)
In the context of quantitative functional MRI (fMRI), deoxyhemoglobin (dHb) content is the essential physiological parameter for calibrating the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal. In studies on humans, the baseline dHb content or its equivalent has been evaluated indirectly by means of carbon dioxide breathing as a physiological reference(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate three-dimensional (3D) distribution of acetabular articular cartilage thickness in patients with hip dysplasia using in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and to compare cartilage thickness distribution between normal and dysplastic hips. DESIGN Forty-five dysplastic hips without joint space narrowing on(More)
PURPOSE Model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) was recently shown to enable dose reduction in computed tomography (CT). The detectability of low-contrast lesions was assessed on CT images reconstructed with MBIR compared with the conventional filtered back-projection (FBP) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS A phantom simulating brain gray matter(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Volume flow rates in the feeding arteries of the brain are measured to evaluate blood flow dynamics in vascular disease. Although these flow values are thought to be effected by anatomic variations in the circle of Willis, few reports have described the effect. This study reports on the relationship between variations in the circle of(More)
BACKGROUND The Myc oncoprotein, a transcriptional regulator involved in the etiology of many different tumor types, has been demonstrated to play an important role in the functions of embryonic stem (ES) cells. Nonetheless, it is still unclear as to whether Myc has unique target and functions in ES cells. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To elucidate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Responses of the auditory cortex to sound during sleep have been explored with somewhat discrepant results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stage 1 sleep on signal intensity changes in the auditory cortex in response to pure tone stimulus measured by functional MR imaging. METHODS Six sleep-deprived(More)
A noninvasive technique for assessing tumor tissue characteristics is required to assist preoperative surgical planning for malignant brain tumors. Preoperative information on tumor cell density within a tumor would help better define the target for tumor biopsy, resulting in more accurate diagnosis and grading of malignant brain tumors. One possible source(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the diagnostic ability of MDCT arthrography for acetabular and femoral cartilage lesions in patients with hip dysplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A disorder of the articular cartilage was evaluated in 20 hips of 18 patients with acetabular dysplasia who did not have osteoarthritis or who had early stage osteoarthritis(More)
Breakage-fusion-bridge cycles contribute to chromosome instability and generate large DNA palindromes that facilitate gene amplification in human cancers. The prevalence of large DNA palindromes in cancer is not known. Here, by using a new microarray-based approach called genome-wide analysis of palindrome formation, we show that palindromes occur(More)