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Entropy measurement can discriminate among complex systems, including deterministic, stochastic and composite systems. We evaluated the changes of approximate entropy (ApEn) in signals of the electroencephalogram (EEG) during sleep. EEG signals were recorded from eight healthy volunteers during nightly sleep. We estimated the values of ApEn in EEG signals(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The breath-to-breath variability of respiratory parameters changes with sleep stage. This study investigates any alteration in the approximate entropy (ApEn) of respiratory movement as a gauge of complexity in respiration, by stage of consciousness, in the light of putative brain interactions. PARTICIPANTS Eight healthy men, who were(More)
The approximate entropy (ApEn) of signals in the electroencephalogram (EEG) was evaluated in 8 healthy volunteers and in 10 patients with absence epilepsy, both during seizure-free and seizure intervals. We estimated the nonlinearity of each 3-sec EEG segment using surrogate data methods. The mean (+/- SD) ApEn in EEG was 0.83 +/- 0.22 in healthy subjects(More)
The mammalian circadian clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus and in most peripheral tissues. Clock genes drive the biological clock. However, circadian expression variations of the human clock genes are still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the daily variations of mPer2 and mClock mRNA expression in both the mouse(More)
To investigate the nonlinear properties of respiratory movement during different sleep stages, we applied an algorithm proposed by Grassberger and Procaccia to calculate the correlation dimension in rapid eye movement and non-rapid eye movement sleep. We also tested for nonlinearity in respiratory movement by comparing the correlation dimension for the(More)
We investigated the relationship between approximate entropy (ApEn) and correlation dimension (D2) in respiratory movement to reveal the non-linear dynamics in respiration during sleep. Seven healthy volunteers participated in this study. We recorded respiratory movement during sleep at night. We estimated the values of D2 and ApEn in respiratory movement.(More)
In this study we investigated the non-linear properties of respiratory movement in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) during sleep without and with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). To calculate the correlation dimension (D2) in respiratory movement we applied an algorithm proposed by Grassberger and Procaccia.(More)
The authors report an autopsy case of methamphetamine-related intracranial hemorrhage and vasculitis. A 22-year-old female was comatose after an intravenous injection of an unknown dose of methamphetamine. Computed tomographic scans demonstrated massive subarachnoid hemorrhage and hematoma in the corpus callosum. Cerebral angiography revealed nonfilling of(More)
In order to examine the pathology in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), the nonlinear properties of respiratory movement and breath-to-breath variations during resting wakefulness with eyes closed was investigated. Recording of the respiratory movement using inductive plethysmography was performed on 14 patients with OSAHS(More)
Although surgery is the usual management strategy for acquired benign tracheoesophageal fistula, sometimes this approach is contraindicated or the patient declines surgical management. In this report, we describe a case of a patient with tracheoesophageal fistula at the level of the carina due to bronchial arterial infusion chemotherapy. Closure could not(More)