Hisashi Mizutani

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General aspects in isotope biogeochemistry was summarized with emphasis on delta 15N and delta 13C contents in plants and animals in natural ecosystems. In the estuary, the variation of isotope ratios were principally governed by the mixing of land-derived organic matter, marine phytoplankton, and seagrasses. A clear cut linear relationship between animal(More)
According to the three-dimensional structure of a porcine kidney D-amino acid oxidase-substrate (D-leucine) complex model, the G313 backbone carbonyl recognizes the substrate amino group by hydrogen bonding and the side-chain hydroxyl of T317 forms a hydrogen bond with C(2)=O of the flavin moiety of FAD [Miura et al. (1997) J. Biochem. 122, 825-833]. We(More)
It is well known that protein crystallizability can be influenced by site-directed mutagenesis of residues on the molecular surface of proteins, indicating that the intermolecular interactions in crystal-packing regions may play a crucial role in the structural regularity at atomic resolution of protein crystals. Here, a systematic examination was made of(More)
A high-throughput crystallization-to-structure pipeline for structural genomics was recently developed at the Advanced Protein Crystallography Research Group of the RIKEN SPring-8 Center in Japan. The structure determination pipeline includes three newly developed technologies for automating X-ray protein crystallography: the automated crystallization and(More)
The crystal structure of a putative dipeptidase (Phdpd) from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 was solved using X-ray data at 2.4 A resolution. The protein is folded into two distinct entities. The N-terminal domain consists of the general topology of the alpha/beta fold, and the C-terminal domain consists of five long mixed strands, four helices, and two 3(10)(More)
The photochemical reaction of HCN at 184.9 nm is studied in the gas phase. (CN)2, H2, CH4, NH3, N2H4, C2H6, and CH3NH2 are identified as gas phase products, and a reaction mechanism is proposed. HCN polymers are also obtained as solid reaction products, and their structure is investigated by Infrared Spectorscopy, UV-Visible Spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry,(More)
An apparatus for converting organic samples to carbon dioxide is described. It is especially designed to determine stable carbon isotope ratio of field samples. Unlike previous apparatus of similar configuration, a "Craig-line," it is free from the deposition of charred carbon on the line that results from an incomplete conversion. It includes an infrared(More)
Fumarylacetoacetase catalyzes the final step of tyrosine and phenylalanine catabolism. A recombinant form of the fumarylacetoacetase family member TTHA0809 from Thermus thermophilus HB8 has been crystallized by the oil-microbatch method using sodium chloride as a precipitating agent. The crystals belong to the monoclinic space group P2(1), with unit-cell(More)
Comparison of the primary structures of pig kidney D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and human brain D-aspartate oxidase (DDO) revealed a notable difference at I215-N225 of DAO and the corresponding region, R216-G220, of DDO. A DAO mutant, in which I215-N225 is substituted by R216-G220 of DDO, showed D-aspartate-oxidizing activity that wild-type DAO does not(More)