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Bacterial respiratory quinones were used as biomarkers for studying the bacterial population structure, especially the content of Acinetobacter species, in a laboratory-scale anaerobic-aerobic activated sludge system and in the standard aerobic system. All tested sludges contained both ubiquinone and menaquinone, with a molar ratio of about 1:0.5.(More)
The yield of OH radical induced by ionizing radiation was estimated by an empirical model; a prescribed diffusion model for a spur of single size applying to neutral water. Two representative spur distances were introduced, one for an incident primary charged particle and one for a representative secondary electron, to calculate chemical yields among active(More)
Soil samples at different depths (0-2, 5-7 and 10-12cm) were collected from J Village, about 20km south of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) to determine their radionuclide specific activities and activity ratios. The concentrations and activity ratios of (131)I, (134, 136, 137)Cs and (129m)Te were obtained, but only trace amounts of (95)Nb,(More)
Space radiation hazards are recognized as a key concern for human space flight. For long-term interplanetary missions, they constitute a potentially limiting factor since current protection limits for low-Earth orbit missions may be approached or even exceeded. In such a situation, an accurate risk assessment requires knowledge of equivalent doses in(More)
Charged particle therapy utilizing protons or carbon ions has been rapidly intensifying over recent years. The present study was designed to jointly investigate these two charged particle treatment modalities with respect to modeled anatomical depth-dependent dose and linear energy transfer (LET) deliveries to cells with either normal or compromised DNA(More)
BACKGROUND While the pace of commissioning of new charged particle radiation therapy facilities is accelerating worldwide, biological data pertaining to chordomas, theoretically and clinically optimally suited targets for particle radiotherapy, are still lacking. In spite of the numerous clinical reports of successful treatment of these malignancies with(More)
PURPOSE The impact of the damage distribution to cellular survival and chromosomal aberrations following high Linear Energy Transfer (LET) radiation was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS High LET iron-ions (500 MeV/n, LET 200 keV/μm) were delivered to G1-phase synchronized Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells located at a vertical or horizontal angle(More)
Fluorescent guest molecules doped in polymers have been used to convert ultraviolet light into visible light for applications ranging from optical fibres to filters for the cultivation of plants. The wavelength conversion process involves the absorption of light at short wavelengths followed by fluorescence emission at a longer wavelength. However, a(More)
We constructed a new car-borne survey system called Radi-Probe with a portable germanium gamma-ray spectrometer onboard a cargo truck, to identify radionuclides and quantify surface contamination from the accident at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station. The system can quickly survey a large area and obtain ambient dose equivalent rates and gamma-ray(More)
Polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) has great potential as a scintillation material for radiation detection. Here the optimum mounting conditions to maximize the light collection efficiency from PEN in a radiation detector are discussed. To this end, we have determined light yields emitted from irradiated PEN for various optical couplings between the substrate(More)