Hisashi Hemmi

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(All-E) prenyl diphosphate synthases catalyze the consecutive condensation of isopentenyl diphosphates with allylic prenyl diphosphates, producing products with various chain-lengths that are unique for each enzyme. Some short-chain (all-E) prenyl diphosphate synthases, i.e. farnesyl diphosphate synthases and geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthases contain(More)
An acidophilic, slightly thermophilic bacterium, designated strain NTAP-1T, that produces a thermostable extracellular acid collagenase activity with potential industrial applications was isolated from soil of Aoba-yama Park, Sendai, Japan. The temperature range for growth was 40-65 degrees C, with an optimum at 55 degrees C, and the pH range for growth was(More)
A gene coding for an esterase (SshEstI, 915 bp in length) of the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae DSM5389 was cloned, sequenced, and overexpressed in Escherichia coli JM109 cells as a soluble, catalytically active protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of SshEstI was consistent with a protein containing 305 amino acid residues with a(More)
Examination of the sequence of a hypothetical gene with an unknown function included in the carotenogenic gene cluster in the genome of a thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus led to the prediction that the gene encodes a novel-type lycopene beta-cyclase, whose N- and C-terminal halves are homologous to the subunits of the bacterial(More)
The core structure of membrane lipids of archaea have some unique properties that permit archaea to be distinguished from the others, i.e. bacteria and eukaryotes. (S)-2,3-Di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase, which catalyzes the transfer of a geranylgeranyl group from geranylgeranyl diphosphate to (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate, is(More)
Prenyltransferases catalyze the consecutive condensation of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) with allylic diphosphates to produce prenyl diphosphates whose chain lengths are absolutely determined by each enzyme. In order to investigate the mechanisms of the consecutive reaction and of the determination of ultimate chain length, a random mutational approach was(More)
YGL196W of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a putative protein that is unidentified but is predicted to have a motif similar to that of the N-terminal domain of the bacterial alanine racemase. In the present study we found that YGL196W encodes a novel D-serine dehydratase, which belongs to a different protein family from that of the known bacterial enzyme.(More)
The eukaryotic serine racemase from Dictyostelium discoideum is a fold-type II pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes racemization and dehydration of both isomers of serine. In the present study, the catalytic mechanism and role of the active site residues of the enzyme were examined by site-directed mutagenesis. Mutation of the(More)
An enzymatic assay system of D-amino acids was established using the D-amino acid oxidase of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In this method, the enzyme converts the D-amino acids to the corresponding α-keto acids, which are then reacted with 1,2-diamino-4,5-methylenedioxybenzene (DMB) in an organic solvent. The resultant fluorescent compounds are separated and(More)
Geranylgeranyl reductase from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius was shown to catalyze the reduction of geranylgeranyl groups in the precursors of archaeal membrane lipids, generally reducing all four double bonds. However, when geranylgeranyl diphosphate was subjected to the reductase reaction, only three of the four double bonds were reduced. Mass spectrometry and(More)