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OBJECTIVE To establish a simple method of determining the appropriate stimulus intensity for studying the dipole moment in somatosensory evoked fields. METHODS In 17 patients (20 hemispheres), the authors studied the relationship between the dipole moment and stimulus intensity, which was quantified using the threshold of thenar muscle twitch (TMT). The(More)
A longitudinal study of cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was carried out in 23 patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS); 1 each of types IH, VI, and VII; 2 of type IS; 10 of type II; and 4 each of types IIIB and IVA. Six types of distinct abnormalities were 1) cribriform changes or spotty changes in the corpus callosum, basal ganglia, and white(More)
We sought to clarify the involvement of caspase-12, a representative molecule related to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced cell-death signaling pathways, in neuronal death resulting from ischemia/reperfusion in mice. Transient focal cerebral ischemia (1 h) was produced by intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). We assessed the(More)
A new class of 4-acetamidopiperidine derivatives has been synthesized and investigated for human muscarinic receptor subtype selectivity. Introduction of a hydrocarbon chain of appropriate length into the piperidine nitrogen of the racemic N-(piperidin-4-yl)-2-cyclobutyl-2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetamide platform conferred up to 70-fold selectivity for human(More)
Serum paraoxonase (PON) is associated with plasma high density lipoproteins, and prevents the oxidative modification of low density lipoproteins. We have developed a sensitive sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using two monoclonal antibodies against PON, to measure serum PON concentration. The concentration of PON in healthy Japanese(More)
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded hippocampal sections of brains with early-onset and late-onset Alzheimer's disease were studied immunohistochemically with antisera against cathepsin D and cathepsin B. In addition to the staining of neuronal perikarya, some of the senile plaques visualized by Bielshowsky silver staining and some of reactive astrocytes were(More)
We evaluated the effect of posthypoxic glucose supplement in a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic animal model. Seven-day-old rats underwent bilateral ligation of the carotid arteries, followed by exposure to an 8% oxygen atmosphere for 1 hour. The extent of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage was assessed histologically 72 hours later. Glucose load immediately after the(More)
We investigated the possible protective effect of phenytoin on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats. Six-day-old rats underwent ligation of the left carotid artery followed by exposure to an 8% oxygen atmosphere for 2.5 hrs. We sacrificed the animals 72 hrs later and assessed the hypoxic-ischemic brain damage histologically. Phenytoin (50 mg/kg),(More)
We evaluated the neuroprotective effect of MK-801, a noncompetitive, selective N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, in a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic animal model. Seven-day-old rats underwent bilateral ligation of the carotid arteries followed by exposure to an 8% oxygen atmosphere for 1 hr. We sacrificed the animals 72 hrs later and assessed the(More)