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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by a decline in cognitive abilities and the appearance of β-amyloid plaques in the brain. Although the pathogenic mechanisms associated with AD are not fully understood, activated microglia releasing various neurotoxic factors, including pro-inflammatory cytokines and(More)
The innervation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has attracted particular interest because of the close association with complex mandibular movement. Although the pathological changes of disk innervation may have a crucial role in the development of TMJ pain, the innervation of the TMJ disk by experimentally induced arthritis has rarely been examined in(More)
OBJECTIVE Otitis media with effusion is one of the most common and intractable ear diseases. However, the role of Th1, Th2, and immunoregulatory cytokines on the pathogenesis of the disease in adult patients remains to be determined. The aim of this study is to disclose the cytokine expression in middle ear effusions (MEEs) in adults and to compare the(More)
Glial cells were investigated to elucidate their involvement in mechanisms underlying oral cancer pain. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC-158) was inoculated into the lower gingiva of male Fisher rats. Pharmacological and immunohistochemical studies were performed to examine the roles played by TRPV1 and TRPV2 expressed in neurons and satellite glia in(More)
Changes in urea cycle enzymatic activities in the liver induced by intracerebral electrical stimulation in rabbits with chronically implanted electrodes in the hypothalamus, the thalamus, and the limbic area were studied in comparison with these activities in non-stimulated controls. In stimulating the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, the two-hour(More)
Expression and implication of carbohydrate antigens in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in oral cavity was examined. In the cell lines, type 2H and Lewis y antigens were markedly expressed. In the tissues from SCC patients and benign disorders, type 2H was highly expressed in hyperplasia (96.4 %), displasia (92.9 %) and SCC (100 %). Lewis y was, in turn,(More)
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