Hisashi Endoh

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This study investigates whether maternal stress during pregnancy induces maternal and fetal hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neuronal activation and the effects of maternal stress on fetal hypothalamic and PVN brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression. Pregnant rats were exposed to three types of maternal stress with varying severity(More)
Effects of indeloxazine, a cerebral activator, on passive avoidance learning by disruption of cholinergic transmission were studied in rats. The shortened latency was prolonged when indeloxazine was administered before training in rats subjected to scopolamine-injection, ethylcholine aziridinium ion (AF64A)-treatment and nucleus basalis magnocellularis(More)
The effects of repeated prenatal stress with different severity (restraint and immobilization) on Fos expression in the maternal and fetal hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) were examined in rats. Acute stress treatment was performed for 30 min on gestational day 21, and repeated stress treatment for 30 min daily for 5 days from gestational days(More)
The fetal brain is thought to have a role in the onset and progression of labor. Evidence also exists for fetal oxytocin release just before and during parturition. The present study examined whether activation of the fetal brain could induce uterine myometrial contractions through oxytocin receptors in the dam. Under urethane anesthesia, electrical(More)
In order to investigate the significance of overshoot acceleration in FHR with acidosis induced by serial cord compression, cerebral glucose metabolic rate (CMRglc) was measured in four chronically instrumented fetuses before cord compression and immediately after appearance of the overshoot acceleration in FHR. The investigation of CMRglc was carried out(More)
Fetal blood sampling by cordocentesis was performed in 85 cases of fetuses with either nonimmune hydrops fetalis, anomalies, intrauterine growth retardation, maternal immunological disorders, Rh incompatibility, hydronephrosis, polyhydramnios, maternal preeclampsia or fetal tumor. Fetal heart rate monitoring was also recorded before cordocentesis. We(More)
Although the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is known to play a crucial role in activity-dependent remodeling of synaptic connections in the fetal superior colliculus (SC), its contribution to the electrical activity of fetal SC neurons has not been determined. Furthermore, whether gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated inhibition occurs either as(More)
Although the fetus experiences severe hypoxia and ischemia during delivery, the fetal brain is protected from hypoxic-ischemic insults by unknown mechanisms. To investigate this phenomenon, fetal asphyxia was induced in pregnant rats by occlusion of the umbilical cord. Rather than producing cerebral hypoxia, the brainstem PO(2) of at-term fetuses increased(More)