Hisashi Baba

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The mechanism of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production induced by listeriolysin O (LLO), a cytolytic virulence factor of Listeria monocytogenes, was analyzed with special reference to the involvement of macrophage-derived cytokines in spleen cells of mice. LLO purified from the culture supernatant of L. monocytogenes was capable of inducing a high level(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO), a cholesterol-binding cytolysin of Listeria monocytogenes, exhibits cytokine-inducing and cytolytic activities. Because the cytolytic activity was abolished by cholesterol treatment but the cytokine-inducing activity was not, these activities appeared to be linked to different domains of the LLO molecule. In this study, we constructed(More)
Pneumolysin (PLY), an important virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae, is known to exert various effects on the host immune cells, including cytokine induction, in addition to its known cytolytic activity as a member of the thiol-activated cytolysins. It is of interest to determine whether cytolytic activity is involved in triggering the cytokine(More)
A novel genotyping method for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the phage open-reading frames typing (POT) method, was evaluated using 92 MRSA isolates collected from blood cultures between 1991 and 2003 at Nagoya University Hospital. These strains were divided into 64 distinct POT types, classified into 21 genotypes by pulsed-field gel(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO), a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family, is a major virulence factor of Listeria monocytogenes and contributes to bacterial escape from intracellular killing of macrophages. LLO is activated under weakly acidic conditions; however, the molecular mechanism of this pH-dependent expression of cytolytic activity of(More)
Susceptibility to a range of antimicrobial agents was determined among isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 12 centers throughout Japan during years 1-5 (the respiratory seasons of 1999-2004) of the longitudinal Prospective Resistant Organism Tracking and Epidemiology for the Ketolide(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium which is associated with severe infections in humans. We experienced two cases of sucrose-fermenting V. vulnificus infection. The causative agents in both cases were unidentifiable by conventional identification systems because of their unique characteristics, and sequencing of 16S rDNA was found to be useful(More)
*Corresponding author: Mailing address: Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nagoya University Hospital, Tsurumaicho 65, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8560, Japan. Tel: +81-52-744-2614, Fax: +81-52-744-2613, E-mail: t-nada@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp Citrobacter freundii is a member of family Enterobacteriaceae and has been associated with nosocomial infections in the urinary,(More)
A commercially available enzyme immunoassay developed to detect antibodies to a tuberculosis-associated glycolipid antigen was evaluated for serologic diagnosis of tuberculosis. This was a multicenter study comparing the assay with other methods in 78 patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and in 54 controls with non-tuberculous lung diseases.(More)
We report a case of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in a patient with interstitial lung disease. Intensive environmental investigations revealed that a system of all-day-running bathwater was the source of infection. In this case, the concentration of L. pneumophila in the hospital bathwater was low. We therefore emphasize that even a low concentration of(More)