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Glutamate decarboxylase, which is associated with a glutamate-dependent acid-resistance mechanism, was purified from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis by a three-step procedure. The specific activity was increased about 114-fold with a yield of 16%. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme was determined. The gene encoding this enzyme was cloned in(More)
The aim of the study was to establish in vitro a bovine mammary epithelial cell (MEC) clone, able to respond to mitogenic growth factors and to lactogenic hormones. Mammary tissue from a 200-d pregnant Holstein cow was used as a source of MEC, from which a clone was established through a process of limiting dilution. When plated on plastic, the cells(More)
A clonal bovine intramuscular preadipocyte (BIP) line has been established from the intramuscular white adipose tissue of the M. longissimus thoracis in each of three Japanese Black cattle. Exponentially growing BIP cells exhibited a fibroblastic appearance. Adipocyte differentiation was initiated by treating confluent BIP cells with differentiation medium(More)
To study the effect of growth hormone (GH) on the functions of mammary epithelia, we examined the effect of GH on the synthesis and secretion of alpha-casein in a bovine mammary epithelial cell (BMEC) clonal line, which was established from a 26-d-pregnant Holstein heifer. GH receptors (GHR) were observed in the BMEC on the membrane as well as in the(More)
To clarify the crucial role of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR9 in immature gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT), we focused on the expression of TLR2 and TLR9 and the immune responses induced by their ligands in the GALT of presuckling newborn swine. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that TLR2 and TLR9 mRNA were expressed at detectable levels in all(More)
In the anterior pituitary gland, inflammatory mediators regulate cell function through an immuno-endocrine pathway. Recent studies have shown that undifferentiated stem cells act as immunomodulators. These studies prompted us to establish a progenitor cell line from the bovine anterior pituitary gland and to detail its function. First, we localised(More)
We isolated cDNA encoding porcine MyD88 (poMyD88) from Peyer's patches (Pps) of GALT. The complete open reading frame (ORF) of poMyD88 contains 879 bp encoding a deduced 293 aa residues. The amino acid sequence of poMyD88 was characterized by N-terminal death, intermediate and C-terminal Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domains. The putative poMyD88 protein shares(More)
Elastase activity and concanavalin A (Con A) low affinity bovine lactoferrin (bLf) molecule were detected in mammary gland secretions (MGSs) from mammary glands (MGs) with clinical staphylococcal mastitis. Changes in clinical symptoms correlated with increases in both elastase activity and the concentration of Con A low-affinity Lf in MGSs from mastitic(More)
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β inducible early gene (TIEG)-1 is implicated in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in some cell types. Since TIEG1 functioning may be associated with TGF-β, a suppressor of myogenesis, TIEG1 is also likely to be involved in myogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the function of TIEG1(More)
SraP, a platelet-binding surface protein of Staphylococcus aureus, is involved in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis. In this study, we investigated the importance of SraP in the pathogenesis of bovine mastitis. By means of PCR, sraP was detected in all the isolates tested from bovine bulk milk and humans. However, SraP was not expressed on the cell(More)