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BACKGROUND Endoscopic mucosal resection is an established treatment option for early stage gastric cancer. However, several problems with endoscopic mucosal resection remain to be solved, such as appropriate treatment for recurrence and incomplete tumor resection. The outcome for patients undergoing endoscopic aspiration mucosectomy (endoscopic mucosal(More)
A series of 4-[(2-{isobutyl[(5-methyl-2-furyl)sulfonyl]amino}phenoxy)methyl]benzoic acids and 4-({2-[isobutyl(1,3-thiazol-2-ylsulfonyl)amino]phenoxy}methyl)benzoic acids were synthesized and evaluated for their EP receptor affinities and EP1 receptor antagonist activities. Further structural optimization was carried out to reduce inhibitory activity against(More)
Metabolic stabilization of the chemical lead 1, which is a structurally novel inhibitor of TNF-alpha production, was accomplished by introducing a (1S)-methyl group into the optically active backbone. As a result, 2, 3 and 4 were identified as drug candidates and evaluated pharmacologically. The analysis of an active conformer was also carried out.
Generation of structurally new matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors was successfully carried out using an in silico technique. In order to identify the small fragment interacting with residues in the S1' pocket of MMP-1 through hydrogen bonds, we performed in silico screening using the LUDI program. As a result, acetyl-L-alanyl-(N-methyl)amide(More)
A series of 5beta-methylprolyl-2-cyanopyrrolidine analogs were synthesized and evaluated as DPP-IV inhibitors, and the duration of their ex vivo activity was assessed. Comparison of their potency and duration of action was done among three different species. The mode of binding was investigated, and the effect on the plasma glucose level was evaluated.(More)
2-(Acylamino)benzylphosphonic acid 6 derived from an artificial substrate of sphingomyelinase was found to show inhibitory activity of TNF-alpha production. Structural optimization was started with the chemical modification of 6. The discovery of another chemical leads 7, 8, 10 and 16 for the development of structurally new inhibitors of TNF-alpha(More)
The process of discovering a series of N-(p-alkoxy)benzoyl-2-methylindole-4-acetic acid analogs is presented since these compounds represent a new class of potent, selective, and orally active prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) receptor antagonists. Most of these compounds exhibit strong PGD2 receptor binding and PGD2 receptor antagonism in cAMP formation assays. When(More)
Discovery of new chemical leads of inhibitors for TNF-alpha production starting from the chemical modification of 1 is reported. Further biological studies of 1 to disclose the site of its action strongly suggested that 1 inhibits LPS-induced TNF-alpha expression in the liver and spleen of mice. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) are also discussed and(More)
Further chemical modification of 2-iminopiperidines fused to cyclopropane rings was performed. Optically active isomers 2 and 13 were synthesized and their biological activity was evaluated. Compound 2 exhibited greater potency and more isoform selectivity than enantiomer 13 in the iNOS inhibition assay. One of the gem-chlorines on the fused cyclopropane(More)