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BACKGROUND Endoscopic mucosal resection is an established treatment option for early stage gastric cancer. However, several problems with endoscopic mucosal resection remain to be solved, such as appropriate treatment for recurrence and incomplete tumor resection. The outcome for patients undergoing endoscopic aspiration mucosectomy (endoscopic mucosal(More)
A series of 5beta-methylprolyl-2-cyanopyrrolidine analogs were synthesized and evaluated as DPP-IV inhibitors, and the duration of their ex vivo activity was assessed. Comparison of their potency and duration of action was done among three different species. The mode of binding was investigated, and the effect on the plasma glucose level was evaluated.(More)
Generation of structurally new matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors was successfully carried out using an in silico technique. In order to identify the small fragment interacting with residues in the S1' pocket of MMP-1 through hydrogen bonds, we performed in silico screening using the LUDI program. As a result, acetyl-L-alanyl-(N-methyl)amide(More)
The process of discovering a series of N-(p-alkoxy)benzoyl-2-methylindole-4-acetic acid analogs is presented since these compounds represent a new class of potent, selective, and orally active prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) receptor antagonists. Most of these compounds exhibit strong PGD2 receptor binding and PGD2 receptor antagonism in cAMP formation assays. When(More)
A series of 4-[(2-{isobutyl[(5-methyl-2-furyl)sulfonyl]amino}phenoxy)methyl]benzoic acids and 4-({2-[isobutyl(1,3-thiazol-2-ylsulfonyl)amino]phenoxy}methyl)benzoic acids were synthesized and evaluated for their EP receptor affinities and EP1 receptor antagonist activities. Further structural optimization was carried out to reduce inhibitory activity against(More)
(1S,2R)-2-Acylamino-1-methyl-2-phenylethyl phosphate derivatives 2a, 2b, 3a, and 5a, which are conformationally restricted and metabolically stable analogues of (2R)-2-acylamino-2-phenylethyl phosphate derivatives 1a and 1b, are a new class of inhibitors of TNF-alpha production. More efficient alternative synthesis of a key intermediate,(More)
Design and synthesis of metabolically stabilized inhibitors of TNF-alpha production, which could be new drug candidates, are reported. Conformational analysis of an active diastereoisomer was performed based on biological evaluations of the conformationally fixed indane derivatives 17 and 18. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) based on biological(More)
Using the previously reported novel spirodiketopiperazine scaffold, the design and synthesis of orally available CCR5 antagonists was undertaken. Compounds possessing a carboxylic acid function in the appropriate position showed improved oral exposure (AUC) relative to the initial chemical leads without reduction in the antagonist activity. The optimized(More)
Following the discovery that hydroxylated derivative 3 (Fig. 1) was one of the oxidative metabolites of the original lead 1, it was found that hydroxylated compound 4 possesses higher in vitro anti-HIV potency than the corresponding non-hydroxylated compound 2. Structural hybridation of 4 with the orally available analog 5 resulted in another(More)