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This study was designed to evaluate trace metal metabolism in adults with thyroid diseases. Erythrocyte zinc values were significantly lower than normal in hyperthyroidism and higher in hypothyroidism. A significantly higher than normal urinary excretion of zinc was observed in hyperthyroidism. The mean concentrations of plasma and erythrocyte copper were(More)
Ascertainment of breast cancer incidence among the cohort of the RERF Life Span Study extended sample identified 574 breast cancers among 564 cases diagnosed during 1950-1980 of which 412 cancers were reviewed microscopically. There were no dose-dependent differences with respect to diagnostic certainty or histological type. As in previous studies, the dose(More)
For 1950-74, 360 cases of malignant breast tumors were identified among the 63,000 females of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation's (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) Extended Life-Span Study sample of survivors of the 1945 atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; 288 of these females were residing in one of these two cities at the time of bombing (ATB).(More)
Recent studies indicate an accelerated progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in postmenopausal women. Hypercholesterolemia, an important risk factor for NASH progression, is often observed after menopause. This study examined the effects of estrogen on NASH in ovariectomized (OVX) mice fed a high-fat and high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. To(More)
AIM   We previously demonstrated that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is induced in response to several liver injuries. Because the HB-EGF knockout (KO) mice die in utero or immediately after birth due to cardiac defects, the loss of function study in vivo is limited. Here, we generated liver-specific HB-EGF conditional(More)
Studies were done on the protective effects of alpha-tocopherol and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on warm ischemic damage to the rat kidney. Administration of alpha-tocopherol (10 mg/kg body wt/day) for 7 days or a single i.p. injection of CoQ10 (6 mg/kg body wt) increased the survival rate from 0 to 46.7% of the rats subjected to warm ischemia for 120 min. The(More)
We previously demonstrated that adiponectin has anti-fibrogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in the liver of mouse models of various liver diseases. However, its role in liver regeneration remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the role of adiponectin in liver regeneration. We assessed liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy in(More)
AIM Many studies indicate an accelerated progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in postmenopausal women. Very recently, we reported that estrogen deficiency enhanced the progression of steatohepatitis in mice fed a high fat and high cholesterol (HFHC) diet. Hypercholesterolemia is often observed in postmenopausal women, and recent studies(More)
A 70-year-old man with abdominal pain and high fever was referred to our hospital because of suspected branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and pancreatolithiasis. Laboratory results showed a total bilirubin of 4.7mg/dL, slight elevation in the serum pancreatic enzyme level and marked elevation in the serum C-reactive protein level and white(More)
AIM We reported previously that hypoadiponectinemia enhances hepatic oxidative stress and accelerates progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice. However, the precise mechanism and preventive effects of adiponectin on NASH remain unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adiponectin on steatohepatitis using(More)