Hisanori Kosuge

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Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), which belongs to the betaherpesvirus subfamily and infects mainly T cells in vitro, causes acute and latent infections. Two variants of HHV-6 have been distinguished on the basis of differences in several properties. We have determined the complete DNA sequence of HHV-6 variant B (HHV-6B) strain HST, the causative agent of(More)
Unfavorable left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) leads to cardiac dysfunction. We examined whether Telmisartan, an angiotensin (Ang) II type I receptor blocker (ARB), could improve the recovery of LV function in a rat model of MI. The effect of Telmisartan as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) agonist was(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophages are critical contributors to atherosclerosis. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) show promising properties for cellular imaging and thermal therapy, which may have application to vascular macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS In vitro uptake and photothermal destruction of mouse macrophage cells (RAW264.7) were performed with SWNTs(More)
Inflammation and angiogenesis are important contributors to vascular disease. We evaluated imaging both of these biological processes, using Arg–Gly–Asp (RGD)-conjugated human ferritin nanoparticles (HFn), in experimental carotid and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. Macrophage-rich carotid lesions were induced by ligation in hyperlipidemic and(More)
BACKGROUND Programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family, has been identified. PD-1 is involved in the negative regulation of some immune responses. We evaluated the role of PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in graft arterial disease (GAD) of cardiac allografts and in smooth muscle cells (SMCs). METHODS AND RESULTS C57BL/6 murine hearts were transplanted into(More)
OBJECTIVE Inducible costimulator (ICOS) is a member of the CD28 family. Although inflammation is an essential pathological feature of myocarditis, the role of ICOS in myocarditis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Lewis rats were immunized on day 0 with purified porcine cardiac myosin to establish experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Flow(More)
4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family, binds the 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL), works as a costimulatory molecule, and regulates T cell-mediated immune responses. Although inflammation is an essential pathological feature of myocarditis, the role of 4-1BB in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) remains unclear. Lewis rats were(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have shown the potential to restore cardiac function after myocardial injury. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) have been widely employed to label ESCs for cellular MRI. However, nonspecific intracellular accumulation of SPIO limits long-term in vivo assessment of the transplanted cells. To overcome this(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-conjugated human ferritin (HFn) iron oxide nanoparticles for in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of vascular inflammation and angiogenesis in experimental carotid disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS HFn was genetically engineered to express the RGD peptide and Fe3 O4 nanoparticles(More)
Macrophage infiltration is a prominent feature of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression. We used a combined imaging approach with bioluminescence (BLI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study macrophage homing and accumulation in experimental AAA disease. Murine AAAs were created via intra-aortic infusion of porcine pancreatic elastase. Mice(More)