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PURPOSE Camptothecin-11 (CPT-11) is a new semisynthetic derivative of CPT, and has been shown to inhibit DNA topoisomerase I and to have a strong antitumor activity with low toxicity in murine tumors. To evaluate the effectiveness of CPT-11 in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a phase II study was conducted between April 1989 and February(More)
7-Ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11) is a novel camptothecin derivative that has been selected for clinical evaluation because of its broad spectrum of antitumor activity in animal models and its unique inhibitory effects on mammalian DNA topoisomerase I. Seventeen patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were(More)
To determine a standard combination chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we conducted a phase III trial of irinotecan (CPT-11) to test the hypotheses that CPT-11+cisplatin is superior to cisplatin+vindesine and that CPT-11 monotherapy is not inferior to cisplatin+vindesine. A total of 398 patients with previously(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel oral anticancer fluoropyrimidine derivative, S-1, in patients receiving initial chemotherapy for unresectable, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Between June 1996 and July 1998, 62 patients with NSCLC who had not received previous chemotherapy for advanced disease were(More)
PURPOSE Few randomized trials have demonstrated survival benefit of combination chemotherapy involving new agents plus cisplatin compared with classic combination chemotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The primary aim of this study was to test whether docetaxel plus cisplatin (DC) improves survival compared with vindesine plus(More)
A phase I trial of the combination of irinotecan (CPT-11) with cisplatin in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showed a very promising response rate of 54% in previously untreated NSCLC patients. This study was conducted to confirm the activity and toxicities of CPT-11 and cisplatin combination for previously untreated NSCLC in a(More)
We have conducted Phase I study of a novel oral antitumor agent of fluorinated pyrimidines, S-1, in which tegafur (FT) is combined with two classes of modulator, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP) and potassium oxonate (Oxo) at a molar ratio of FT:CDHP:Oxo = 1:0.4:1 as a multi-center study with 16 institutions nationwide. Two administration methods, once(More)
CPT-11 is a new derivative of Camptothecin. Phase I clinical study of single administration with CPT-11 was carried out by a cooperative study group. Starting from 50 mg/m2 (n), dose was escalated to 350 mg/m2 (7n). Dose limiting factor was found to be a decrease in WBC counts (especially in neutrophils), and MTD was presumed to be 250 mg/m2 or more. Nadir(More)
A new platinum complex 254-S had a superior preclinical therapeutic indices compared to cisplatin, showing decreased renal and gastrointestinal toxicities. Phase I clinical study with a single dose schedule was conducted to investigate the safety, toxicity, pharmacokinetics and possible efficacy against various advanced cancers by a cooperative study of 10(More)