Learn More
Wnt signaling plays important roles in cell polarization in diverse organisms, and loss of cell polarity is an early event in tumorigenesis caused by mutations in Wnt pathway genes. Despite this, the precise roles of Wnt proteins in cell polarization have remained elusive. In no organism has it been shown that the asymmetric position of a Wnt signal is(More)
The maintenance of cell fate is important for normal development and tissue homeostasis. Epigenetic mechanisms, including histone modifications, are likely to play crucial roles in cell-fate maintenance. However, in contrast to the established functions of histone methylation, which are mediated by the polycomb proteins, the roles of histone acetylation in(More)
beta-Catenin can promote adhesion at the cell cortex and mediate Wnt signaling in the nucleus. We show that, in Caenorhabditis elegans, both WRM-1/beta-catenin and LIT-1 kinase localize to the anterior cell cortex during asymmetric cell division but to the nucleus of the posterior daughter afterward. Both the cortical and nuclear localizations are regulated(More)
Chronic inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis of several complications of hemodialysis therapy. It is thought that backfiltration of bacteria-derived contaminations during dialysis may induce a chronic inflammatory state. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is one of the tools which can take a hold on such a chronic inflammatory condition.(More)
The SWI/SNF-like chromatin remodeling complexes consist of two evolutionarily conserved subclasses, which are characterized by specific accessory components, the OSA/BAF250 and Polybromo proteins. These complexes regulate the expressions of distinct sets of target genes, with some overlap, and the regulatory components are thought to determine the target(More)
During development, cell polarization is often coordinated to harmonize tissue patterning and morphogenesis. However, how extrinsic signals synchronize cell polarization is not understood. In Caenorhabditis elegans, most mitotic cells are polarized along the anterior-posterior axis and divide asymmetrically. Although this process is regulated by a(More)
Coordination between cell proliferation and differentiation is important in normal development and oncogenesis. These processes usually have an antagonistic relationship, in that differentiation is blocked in proliferative cells, and terminally differentiated cells do not divide. In some instances, cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and their(More)